Question
Asked Aug 17, 2019
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What are the pathways of aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, the electron transport chain, glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis?

I need to know these as a prerequisit to my graduate biochemistry class but it's been 5 years since I took undergrad level biochemistry.

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Step 1

In biochemistry, respiration refers to the cascade of metabolic processes which are responsible for the production of energy. Respiration is a series of biochemical oxidations in which organic molecules are broken down into carbon dioxide and water while the chemical energy thus obtained is trapped in form of ATP, that is the energy currency of the cell. Biochemical respiration occurs in both plant and animal cells. Biochemical respiration is also termed as the cellular respiration.

As per the requirement of oxygen, cellular respiration is divided into two groups aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration.

Step 2

The pathway for aerobic glycolysis is:

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GLUCOSE ATP HEXDKINASSE ADP 6-PHOSPHATE GLUCOSE PHOSPHOGLUCOSE MUTASE ISOMERASE 6- PHOSPHATE FRUCTOSE ATP PHOSPHOFRUCTOKINASE ADP FRUCTOSE , 6 8ISPHOSPHATE ALDOLASE TRIOSE PHOS PPHATE ISOMERASE DIHYDROXYACE TONE GLYERALDEH4DE PHOSPHATE 3- PHOSPHATE NAD P GLYCERALDEHYDE 3. PHOPHATE DE HUDROENASE + NADH4 H E 1,3-BIS PHOSPHOGLY CERATE ADP ¢ KINASE PHOSPHOGLYCE RATE ATP 3-PHOSPHOGLYCERATE ¢ MUTASC PHOS PHOGLVCERATE &-PHOSPHOGLYCERATE ENOLASE И,о PHOSPHOENOL PYRUVATE ADP PYRU VATE KINASE ATP PYRUVATE TCA CYCLE

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Step 3

The pathway for anaerobi...

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GLUCOSE ATP Hexokinase ADP GLUCOSE PHOSPHATE 6- Phosphoguucose isomenase PHOSPHATE FRUCTOSE 6- ATP Phosphozuctokin ase ADP I,6-8IS PHOSPHATE Aldolase FRUCTOSE Thiose Phosphate isomenase DIHYDROXYA CETONE GLY CERALDE H YDE PHDSPHATE 3 PHOSPHATE Gy ualdey de NAD P 3-phaspra daiy anogedee 1,3 BISPHDSPHOGLYCERATE NADH H ADP Phosphogiyesnatt Rrinase ATP 3 PHOSPHOG LYCERATE Phasphogly PHOSPHD4LYCERATE CLMat mutase Enolaie H2O PHO SPHDENDLPYRUVATE AbP Kinase ATP PYRUVATE in absence en LACTATE

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