Asked Oct 5, 2019

What kind of cell structures are adaptations to size difference for the bacteria and eukaryotes?


Expert Answer

Step 1

Bacteria are prokaryotes having size smaller than eukaryotes. The size of a prokaryotic cell is 0.1- 5.0 µm in diameter and that of eukaryotic cell is 10-100 µm. As the size increases the complexity of cell increases. The transport of molecules in a prokaryotic cell is easier as compared to large sized eukaryotes.  Various cellular structures came into existence to support the transport process. The simpler structure of prokaryotes allows them to divide rapidly than eukaryotes.

Step 2

Cellular organelles like nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and endosome are adaptive structures in eukaryotes. These organelles aid in the transportation of proteins and other molecules from intracellular to extracellular environment and vice versa. Nucleus encloses the genetic material of a ...

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