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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

Find parametric equations for the tangent line to the curve x = 2 sin t, y = 2 sin 2t, z = 2 sin 3t at the point (l, 3 , 2). Graph the curve and the tangent line on a common screen.

To determine

To find: The parametric equations for the tangent line to the curve with the parametric equations x=2sint,y=2sin2t,z=2sin3t at the point (1,3,2) and graph of a curve with the parametric equations x=2sint,y=2sin2t,z=2sin3t at the point (1,3,2) , and the tangent line on a common screen.

Explanation

Formula used:

Write the expression to find the parametric equations for a line through the point (x0,y0,z0) and parallel to the vector v=a,b,c .

x=x0+at,y=y0+bt,z=z0+ct (1)

Write the required differentiation formulae to find the tangent vector r(t) .

ddtsint=costddtsinnt=ncosnt

Write the parametric equations of the curve as follows:

x=2sint,y=2sin2t,z=2sin3t (2)

Write the vector equation from the parametric equations of the curve as follows:

r(t)=2sint,2sin2t,2sin3t

The tangent vector of the curve is the derivative of the vector function r(t) .

Calculation of the derivative of the vector function r(t) [r(t)] :

To find the derivative of the vector function, differentiate each component of the vector function.

Differentiate each component of the vector function r(t)=2sint,2sin2t,2sin3t as follows:

ddt[r(t)]=ddt(2sint),ddt(2sin2t),ddt(2sin3t)

Rewrite and compute the expression as follows:

r(t)=2ddt(sint),2ddt(sin2t),2ddt(sin3t)=2(cost),2(2cos2t),2(3cos3t)=2cost,4cos2t,6cos3t

As the scalar parameter t at π6 (t=π6) satisfies the vector function r(t)=2sint,2sin2t,2sin3t to attain the specified point (1,3,2) , consider the value of the scalar parameter t as π6 and substitute it in the parametric equations of the curve to obtain the point which is on the required line.

Calculation of the point on the required line:

Substitute π6 for t in equation (2),

x=2sin(π6),y=2sin[2(π6)],z=2sin[3(π6)]x=2(12),y=2(32),z=2(1)x=1,y=3,z=2

The point on the required line is (1,3,2)

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Chapter 13 Solutions

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Sect-13.1 P-11ESect-13.1 P-12ESect-13.1 P-13ESect-13.1 P-14ESect-13.1 P-15ESect-13.1 P-16ESect-13.1 P-17ESect-13.1 P-18ESect-13.1 P-19ESect-13.1 P-20ESect-13.1 P-21ESect-13.1 P-22ESect-13.1 P-23ESect-13.1 P-24ESect-13.1 P-25ESect-13.1 P-26ESect-13.1 P-27ESect-13.1 P-28ESect-13.1 P-29ESect-13.1 P-30ESect-13.1 P-31ESect-13.1 P-32ESect-13.1 P-38ESect-13.1 P-39ESect-13.1 P-40ESect-13.1 P-41ESect-13.1 P-42ESect-13.1 P-43ESect-13.1 P-44ESect-13.1 P-45ESect-13.1 P-46ESect-13.1 P-49ESect-13.1 P-50ESect-13.1 P-53ESect-13.2 P-1ESect-13.2 P-2ESect-13.2 P-3ESect-13.2 P-4ESect-13.2 P-5ESect-13.2 P-6ESect-13.2 P-7ESect-13.2 P-8ESect-13.2 P-9ESect-13.2 P-10ESect-13.2 P-11ESect-13.2 P-12ESect-13.2 P-13ESect-13.2 P-14ESect-13.2 P-15ESect-13.2 P-16ESect-13.2 P-17ESect-13.2 P-18ESect-13.2 P-19ESect-13.2 P-20ESect-13.2 P-21ESect-13.2 P-22ESect-13.2 P-23ESect-13.2 P-24ESect-13.2 P-25ESect-13.2 P-26ESect-13.2 P-27ESect-13.2 P-28ESect-13.2 P-29ESect-13.2 P-30ESect-13.2 P-31ESect-13.2 P-32ESect-13.2 P-33ESect-13.2 P-34ESect-13.2 P-35ESect-13.2 P-36ESect-13.2 P-37ESect-13.2 P-38ESect-13.2 P-39ESect-13.2 P-40ESect-13.2 P-41ESect-13.2 P-42ESect-13.2 P-43ESect-13.2 P-44ESect-13.2 P-45ESect-13.2 P-46ESect-13.2 P-47ESect-13.2 P-48ESect-13.2 P-49ESect-13.2 P-50ESect-13.2 P-51ESect-13.2 P-52ESect-13.2 P-53ESect-13.2 P-54ESect-13.2 P-55ESect-13.2 P-56ESect-13.2 P-57ESect-13.2 P-58ESect-13.3 P-1ESect-13.3 P-2ESect-13.3 P-3ESect-13.3 P-4ESect-13.3 P-5ESect-13.3 P-6ESect-13.3 P-7ESect-13.3 P-8ESect-13.3 P-9ESect-13.3 P-10ESect-13.3 P-11ESect-13.3 P-12ESect-13.3 P-13ESect-13.3 P-14ESect-13.3 P-15ESect-13.3 P-16ESect-13.3 P-17ESect-13.3 P-18ESect-13.3 P-19ESect-13.3 P-20ESect-13.3 P-21ESect-13.3 P-22ESect-13.3 P-23ESect-13.3 P-24ESect-13.3 P-25ESect-13.3 P-26ESect-13.3 P-27ESect-13.3 P-28ESect-13.3 P-29ESect-13.3 P-30ESect-13.3 P-31ESect-13.3 P-32ESect-13.3 P-33ESect-13.3 P-38ESect-13.3 P-39ESect-13.3 P-42ESect-13.3 P-43ESect-13.3 P-44ESect-13.3 P-45ESect-13.3 P-46ESect-13.3 P-47ESect-13.3 P-48ESect-13.3 P-49ESect-13.3 P-50ESect-13.3 P-53ESect-13.3 P-55ESect-13.3 P-56ESect-13.3 P-58ESect-13.3 P-59ESect-13.3 P-60ESect-13.3 P-62ESect-13.3 P-63ESect-13.3 P-64ESect-13.3 P-65ESect-13.3 P-66ESect-13.3 P-67ESect-13.4 P-1ESect-13.4 P-3ESect-13.4 P-4ESect-13.4 P-5ESect-13.4 P-6ESect-13.4 P-7ESect-13.4 P-8ESect-13.4 P-9ESect-13.4 P-10ESect-13.4 P-11ESect-13.4 P-12ESect-13.4 P-13ESect-13.4 P-14ESect-13.4 P-15ESect-13.4 P-16ESect-13.4 P-19ESect-13.4 P-20ESect-13.4 P-21ESect-13.4 P-22ESect-13.4 P-23ESect-13.4 P-24ESect-13.4 P-25ESect-13.4 P-26ESect-13.4 P-27ESect-13.4 P-28ESect-13.4 P-29ESect-13.4 P-30ESect-13.4 P-31ESect-13.4 P-32ESect-13.4 P-34ESect-13.4 P-35ESect-13.4 P-36ESect-13.4 P-37ESect-13.4 P-38ESect-13.4 P-39ESect-13.4 P-40ESect-13.4 P-41ESect-13.4 P-42ESect-13.4 P-44ESect-13.4 P-45ESect-13.4 P-46ECh-13 P-1RCCCh-13 P-2RCCCh-13 P-3RCCCh-13 P-4RCCCh-13 P-5RCCCh-13 P-6RCCCh-13 P-7RCCCh-13 P-8RCCCh-13 P-9RCCCh-13 P-1RQCh-13 P-2RQCh-13 P-3RQCh-13 P-4RQCh-13 P-5RQCh-13 P-6RQCh-13 P-7RQCh-13 P-8RQCh-13 P-9RQCh-13 P-10RQCh-13 P-11RQCh-13 P-12RQCh-13 P-13RQCh-13 P-14RQCh-13 P-1RECh-13 P-2RECh-13 P-3RECh-13 P-4RECh-13 P-5RECh-13 P-6RECh-13 P-7RECh-13 P-8RECh-13 P-9RECh-13 P-10RECh-13 P-11RECh-13 P-12RECh-13 P-13RECh-13 P-14RECh-13 P-15RECh-13 P-16RECh-13 P-17RECh-13 P-18RECh-13 P-19RECh-13 P-20RECh-13 P-21RECh-13 P-22RECh-13 P-23RECh-13 P-1PCh-13 P-2PCh-13 P-3PCh-13 P-4PCh-13 P-5PCh-13 P-6PCh-13 P-7PCh-13 P-8PCh-13 P-9P

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