BuyFindarrow_forward

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285741550

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285741550
Textbook Problem

Use Lagrange multipliers to find the maximum and minimum values of f subject to the given constraint(s).

61. f(x, y, z) = xyz; x2 + y2 + z2 = 3

To determine

To find: The extreme values of the function f(x,y,z)=xyz subject to the constraint x2+y2+z2=3 by using Lagrange multipliers.

Explanation

Given:

The function f(x,y,z)=xyz which is subject to the constraint g(x,y,z)=x2+y2+z2=3 .

Result used:

“The Lagrange multipliers defined as f(x,y,z)=λg(x,y,z) . This equation can be expressed as fx=λgx , fy=λgy , fz=λgz and g(x,y,z)=k ”.

Calculation:

The Lagrange multipliers f(x,y)=λg(x,y) is computed as follows,

f(x,y,z)=λg(x,y,z)fx,fy,fz=λgx,gy,gzfx(xyz),fy(xyz),fz(xyz)=λgx(x2+y2+z2),gy(x2+y2+z2),gz(x2+y2+z2)yz,xz,xy=λ2x,2y,2z

Thus, the value of f(x,y,z)=λg(x,y,z) is yz,xz,xy=λ2x,2y,2z .

The result yz,xz,xy=λ2x,2y,2z , can be expressed as follows.

yz=λ(2x) (1)

xz=λ(2y) (2)

xy=λ(2z) (3)

The extreme values of the function f(x,y,z)=xyz is computed as follows.

From the equations (1), (2) and (3),

λ=yz2x=xz2y=xy2z

Consider yz2x=xz2y and obtain y ,

yz2x=xz2yy2z=x2zy2=x2

Consider xz2y=xy2z and obtain z ,

xz2y=xy2zxz2=xy2z2=y2

Substitute y2=x2 and z2=y2 in the equation g(x,y,z)=x2+y2+z2=3 and obtain x,yandz ,

x2+y2+z2=3x2+x2+x2=33x2=3x=±1

Thus, the points are (1,1,±1),(1,1,±1),(1,1,±1)and(1,1,±1)

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 14 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-14.1 P-11ESect-14.1 P-12ESect-14.1 P-13ESect-14.1 P-14ESect-14.1 P-15ESect-14.1 P-16ESect-14.1 P-17ESect-14.1 P-18ESect-14.1 P-19ESect-14.1 P-20ESect-14.1 P-21ESect-14.1 P-22ESect-14.1 P-23ESect-14.1 P-24ESect-14.1 P-25ESect-14.1 P-26ESect-14.1 P-27ESect-14.1 P-28ESect-14.1 P-29ESect-14.1 P-30ESect-14.1 P-31ESect-14.1 P-32ESect-14.1 P-33ESect-14.1 P-34ESect-14.1 P-35ESect-14.1 P-36ESect-14.1 P-37ESect-14.1 P-38ESect-14.1 P-39ESect-14.1 P-40ESect-14.1 P-41ESect-14.1 P-42ESect-14.1 P-43ESect-14.1 P-44ESect-14.1 P-45ESect-14.1 P-46ESect-14.1 P-47ESect-14.1 P-48ESect-14.1 P-49ESect-14.1 P-50ESect-14.1 P-51ESect-14.1 P-52ESect-14.1 P-53ESect-14.1 P-54ESect-14.1 P-55ESect-14.1 P-56ESect-14.1 P-57ESect-14.1 P-58ESect-14.1 P-59ESect-14.1 P-60ESect-14.1 P-61ESect-14.1 P-62ESect-14.1 P-63ESect-14.1 P-64ESect-14.1 P-65ESect-14.1 P-66ESect-14.1 P-67ESect-14.1 P-68ESect-14.1 P-69ESect-14.1 P-70ESect-14.1 P-71ESect-14.1 P-72ESect-14.1 P-73ESect-14.1 P-74ESect-14.1 P-75ESect-14.1 P-76ESect-14.1 P-77ESect-14.1 P-78ESect-14.1 P-79ESect-14.1 P-80ESect-14.1 P-81ESect-14.2 P-1ESect-14.2 P-2ESect-14.2 P-3ESect-14.2 P-4ESect-14.2 P-5ESect-14.2 P-6ESect-14.2 P-7ESect-14.2 P-8ESect-14.2 P-9ESect-14.2 P-10ESect-14.2 P-11ESect-14.2 P-12ESect-14.2 P-13ESect-14.2 P-14ESect-14.2 P-15ESect-14.2 P-16ESect-14.2 P-17ESect-14.2 P-18ESect-14.2 P-19ESect-14.2 P-20ESect-14.2 P-21ESect-14.2 P-22ESect-14.2 P-23ESect-14.2 P-24ESect-14.2 P-25ESect-14.2 P-26ESect-14.2 P-27ESect-14.2 P-28ESect-14.2 P-29ESect-14.2 P-30ESect-14.2 P-31ESect-14.2 P-32ESect-14.2 P-33ESect-14.2 P-34ESect-14.2 P-35ESect-14.2 P-36ESect-14.2 P-37ESect-14.2 P-38ESect-14.2 P-39ESect-14.2 P-40ESect-14.2 P-41ESect-14.2 P-42ESect-14.2 P-43ESect-14.2 P-44ESect-14.2 P-45ESect-14.2 P-46ESect-14.3 P-1ESect-14.3 P-2ESect-14.3 P-3ESect-14.3 P-4ESect-14.3 P-5ESect-14.3 P-6ESect-14.3 P-7ESect-14.3 P-8ESect-14.3 P-9ESect-14.3 P-10ESect-14.3 P-11ESect-14.3 P-12ESect-14.3 P-13ESect-14.3 P-14ESect-14.3 P-15ESect-14.3 P-16ESect-14.3 P-17ESect-14.3 P-18ESect-14.3 P-19ESect-14.3 P-20ESect-14.3 P-21ESect-14.3 P-22ESect-14.3 P-23ESect-14.3 P-24ESect-14.3 P-25ESect-14.3 P-26ESect-14.3 P-27ESect-14.3 P-28ESect-14.3 P-29ESect-14.3 P-30ESect-14.3 P-31ESect-14.3 P-32ESect-14.3 P-33ESect-14.3 P-34ESect-14.3 P-35ESect-14.3 P-36ESect-14.3 P-37ESect-14.3 P-38ESect-14.3 P-39ESect-14.3 P-40ESect-14.3 P-41ESect-14.3 P-42ESect-14.3 P-43ESect-14.3 P-44ESect-14.3 P-45ESect-14.3 P-46ESect-14.3 P-47ESect-14.3 P-48ESect-14.3 P-49ESect-14.3 P-50ESect-14.3 P-51ESect-14.3 P-52ESect-14.3 P-53ESect-14.3 P-54ESect-14.3 P-55ESect-14.3 P-56ESect-14.3 P-57ESect-14.3 P-58ESect-14.3 P-59ESect-14.3 P-60ESect-14.3 P-61ESect-14.3 P-62ESect-14.3 P-63ESect-14.3 P-64ESect-14.3 P-65ESect-14.3 P-66ESect-14.3 P-67ESect-14.3 P-68ESect-14.3 P-69ESect-14.3 P-70ESect-14.3 P-71ESect-14.3 P-72ESect-14.3 P-73ESect-14.3 P-74ESect-14.3 P-75ESect-14.3 P-76ESect-14.3 P-77ESect-14.3 P-78ESect-14.3 P-79ESect-14.3 P-80ESect-14.3 P-81ESect-14.3 P-82ESect-14.3 P-83ESect-14.3 P-84ESect-14.3 P-85ESect-14.3 P-86ESect-14.3 P-87ESect-14.3 P-88ESect-14.3 P-89ESect-14.3 P-90ESect-14.3 P-91ESect-14.3 P-92ESect-14.3 P-93ESect-14.3 P-94ESect-14.3 P-95ESect-14.3 P-96ESect-14.3 P-97ESect-14.3 P-98ESect-14.3 P-99ESect-14.3 P-100ESect-14.3 P-101ESect-14.3 P-102ESect-14.3 P-103ESect-14.3 P-104ESect-14.4 P-1ESect-14.4 P-2ESect-14.4 P-3ESect-14.4 P-4ESect-14.4 P-5ESect-14.4 P-6ESect-14.4 P-7ESect-14.4 P-8ESect-14.4 P-11ESect-14.4 P-12ESect-14.4 P-13ESect-14.4 P-14ESect-14.4 P-15ESect-14.4 P-16ESect-14.4 P-17ESect-14.4 P-18ESect-14.4 P-19ESect-14.4 P-20ESect-14.4 P-21ESect-14.4 P-22ESect-14.4 P-23ESect-14.4 P-24ESect-14.4 P-25ESect-14.4 P-26ESect-14.4 P-27ESect-14.4 P-28ESect-14.4 P-29ESect-14.4 P-30ESect-14.4 P-31ESect-14.4 P-32ESect-14.4 P-33ESect-14.4 P-34ESect-14.4 P-35ESect-14.4 P-36ESect-14.4 P-37ESect-14.4 P-38ESect-14.4 P-39ESect-14.4 P-40ESect-14.4 P-41ESect-14.4 P-42ESect-14.4 P-43ESect-14.4 P-44ESect-14.4 P-45ESect-14.4 P-46ESect-14.5 P-1ESect-14.5 P-2ESect-14.5 P-3ESect-14.5 P-4ESect-14.5 P-5ESect-14.5 P-6ESect-14.5 P-7ESect-14.5 P-8ESect-14.5 P-9ESect-14.5 P-10ESect-14.5 P-11ESect-14.5 P-12ESect-14.5 P-13ESect-14.5 P-14ESect-14.5 P-15ESect-14.5 P-16ESect-14.5 P-17ESect-14.5 P-18ESect-14.5 P-19ESect-14.5 P-20ESect-14.5 P-21ESect-14.5 P-22ESect-14.5 P-23ESect-14.5 P-24ESect-14.5 P-25ESect-14.5 P-26ESect-14.5 P-27ESect-14.5 P-28ESect-14.5 P-29ESect-14.5 P-30ESect-14.5 P-31ESect-14.5 P-32ESect-14.5 P-33ESect-14.5 P-34ESect-14.5 P-35ESect-14.5 P-36ESect-14.5 P-37ESect-14.5 P-38ESect-14.5 P-39ESect-14.5 P-40ESect-14.5 P-41ESect-14.5 P-42ESect-14.5 P-43ESect-14.5 P-44ESect-14.5 P-45ESect-14.5 P-46ESect-14.5 P-47ESect-14.5 P-48ESect-14.5 P-49ESect-14.5 P-50ESect-14.5 P-51ESect-14.5 P-53ESect-14.5 P-55ESect-14.5 P-56ESect-14.5 P-57ESect-14.5 P-58ESect-14.5 P-59ESect-14.6 P-1ESect-14.6 P-2ESect-14.6 P-3ESect-14.6 P-4ESect-14.6 P-5ESect-14.6 P-6ESect-14.6 P-7ESect-14.6 P-8ESect-14.6 P-9ESect-14.6 P-10ESect-14.6 P-11ESect-14.6 P-12ESect-14.6 P-13ESect-14.6 P-14ESect-14.6 P-15ESect-14.6 P-16ESect-14.6 P-17ESect-14.6 P-18ESect-14.6 P-19ESect-14.6 P-20ESect-14.6 P-21ESect-14.6 P-22ESect-14.6 P-23ESect-14.6 P-24ESect-14.6 P-25ESect-14.6 P-26ESect-14.6 P-27ESect-14.6 P-28ESect-14.6 P-29ESect-14.6 P-30ESect-14.6 P-31ESect-14.6 P-32ESect-14.6 P-33ESect-14.6 P-34ESect-14.6 P-35ESect-14.6 P-36ESect-14.6 P-37ESect-14.6 P-38ESect-14.6 P-39ESect-14.6 P-40ESect-14.6 P-41ESect-14.6 P-42ESect-14.6 P-43ESect-14.6 P-44ESect-14.6 P-45ESect-14.6 P-46ESect-14.6 P-47ESect-14.6 P-48ESect-14.6 P-49ESect-14.6 P-50ESect-14.6 P-51ESect-14.6 P-52ESect-14.6 P-53ESect-14.6 P-54ESect-14.6 P-55ESect-14.6 P-56ESect-14.6 P-57ESect-14.6 P-58ESect-14.6 P-59ESect-14.6 P-60ESect-14.6 P-61ESect-14.6 P-62ESect-14.6 P-63ESect-14.6 P-64ESect-14.6 P-65ESect-14.6 P-66ESect-14.6 P-67ESect-14.6 P-68ESect-14.6 P-69ESect-14.6 P-70ESect-14.7 P-1ESect-14.7 P-2ESect-14.7 P-3ESect-14.7 P-4ESect-14.7 P-5ESect-14.7 P-6ESect-14.7 P-7ESect-14.7 P-8ESect-14.7 P-9ESect-14.7 P-10ESect-14.7 P-11ESect-14.7 P-12ESect-14.7 P-13ESect-14.7 P-14ESect-14.7 P-15ESect-14.7 P-16ESect-14.7 P-17ESect-14.7 P-18ESect-14.7 P-19ESect-14.7 P-20ESect-14.7 P-21ESect-14.7 P-22ESect-14.7 P-23ESect-14.7 P-24ESect-14.7 P-25ESect-14.7 P-26ESect-14.7 P-27ESect-14.7 P-28ESect-14.7 P-29ESect-14.7 P-30ESect-14.7 P-31ESect-14.7 P-32ESect-14.7 P-33ESect-14.7 P-34ESect-14.7 P-35ESect-14.7 P-36ESect-14.7 P-37ESect-14.7 P-38ESect-14.7 P-39ESect-14.7 P-40ESect-14.7 P-41ESect-14.7 P-42ESect-14.7 P-43ESect-14.7 P-44ESect-14.7 P-45ESect-14.7 P-46ESect-14.7 P-47ESect-14.7 P-48ESect-14.7 P-49ESect-14.7 P-50ESect-14.7 P-51ESect-14.7 P-52ESect-14.7 P-53ESect-14.7 P-54ESect-14.7 P-55ESect-14.7 P-56ESect-14.7 P-57ESect-14.7 P-58ESect-14.7 P-59ESect-14.7 P-60ESect-14.8 P-1ESect-14.8 P-2ESect-14.8 P-3ESect-14.8 P-4ESect-14.8 P-5ESect-14.8 P-6ESect-14.8 P-7ESect-14.8 P-8ESect-14.8 P-9ESect-14.8 P-10ESect-14.8 P-11ESect-14.8 P-12ESect-14.8 P-13ESect-14.8 P-14ESect-14.8 P-15ESect-14.8 P-16ESect-14.8 P-17ESect-14.8 P-18ESect-14.8 P-19ESect-14.8 P-20ESect-14.8 P-21ESect-14.8 P-22ESect-14.8 P-23ESect-14.8 P-24ESect-14.8 P-25ESect-14.8 P-27ESect-14.8 P-28ESect-14.8 P-29ESect-14.8 P-30ESect-14.8 P-31ESect-14.8 P-32ESect-14.8 P-33ESect-14.8 P-34ESect-14.8 P-35ESect-14.8 P-36ESect-14.8 P-37ESect-14.8 P-38ESect-14.8 P-39ESect-14.8 P-40ESect-14.8 P-41ESect-14.8 P-42ESect-14.8 P-43ESect-14.8 P-44ESect-14.8 P-45ESect-14.8 P-46ESect-14.8 P-49ESect-14.8 P-50ECh-14 P-1RCCCh-14 P-2RCCCh-14 P-3RCCCh-14 P-4RCCCh-14 P-5RCCCh-14 P-6RCCCh-14 P-7RCCCh-14 P-8RCCCh-14 P-9RCCCh-14 P-10RCCCh-14 P-11RCCCh-14 P-12RCCCh-14 P-13RCCCh-14 P-14RCCCh-14 P-15RCCCh-14 P-16RCCCh-14 P-17RCCCh-14 P-18RCCCh-14 P-19RCCCh-14 P-1RQCh-14 P-2RQCh-14 P-3RQCh-14 P-4RQCh-14 P-5RQCh-14 P-6RQCh-14 P-7RQCh-14 P-8RQCh-14 P-9RQCh-14 P-10RQCh-14 P-11RQCh-14 P-12RQCh-14 P-1RECh-14 P-2RECh-14 P-3RECh-14 P-4RECh-14 P-5RECh-14 P-6RECh-14 P-7RECh-14 P-8RECh-14 P-9RECh-14 P-10RECh-14 P-11RECh-14 P-12RECh-14 P-13RECh-14 P-14RECh-14 P-15RECh-14 P-16RECh-14 P-17RECh-14 P-18RECh-14 P-19RECh-14 P-20RECh-14 P-21RECh-14 P-22RECh-14 P-23RECh-14 P-24RECh-14 P-25RECh-14 P-26RECh-14 P-27RECh-14 P-28RECh-14 P-29RECh-14 P-30RECh-14 P-31RECh-14 P-32RECh-14 P-33RECh-14 P-34RECh-14 P-35RECh-14 P-36RECh-14 P-37RECh-14 P-38RECh-14 P-39RECh-14 P-40RECh-14 P-41RECh-14 P-42RECh-14 P-43RECh-14 P-44RECh-14 P-45RECh-14 P-46RECh-14 P-47RECh-14 P-48RECh-14 P-49RECh-14 P-50RECh-14 P-51RECh-14 P-52RECh-14 P-53RECh-14 P-54RECh-14 P-55RECh-14 P-56RECh-14 P-57RECh-14 P-58RECh-14 P-59RECh-14 P-60RECh-14 P-61RECh-14 P-62RECh-14 P-63RECh-14 P-64RECh-14 P-65RECh-14 P-1PCh-14 P-2PCh-14 P-3PCh-14 P-4PCh-14 P-5PCh-14 P-6PCh-14 P-7PCh-14 P-8P

Additional Math Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Solve the equations in Exercises 126. x4x+1xx1=0

Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Film Conversion Prices PhotoMart transfers movie films to DVDs. The fees charged for this service are shown in ...

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

In Problems 19-44, factor completely. 41.

Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences

A definite integral for the area under the curve described by x = t2 + 1, y = 2t, 0 t 1 is: a) 01(2t3+2t)dt b...

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th