Chapter 15.2, Problem 16E

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8th Edition

James Stewart

ISBN: 9781285741550

Textbook Problem

Set up iterated integrals for both orders of integration. Then evaluate the double integral using the easier order and explain why it’s easier.

**16.**
* D* is bounded by *y* = *x*, *y* = 4, *x* = 0

To determine

**To setup:** The iterated integrals for both the orders of integration and then evaluate the double integral by easier method.

Explanation

**Given:**

The function is

The region *D* is bounded by the curves
*.*

**Definition used:**

**Region of type 1:**

A plane region *D* is said to be of type 1 if it lies between two continuous functions of *x*.

That is,
*x*.

**Region of type 2:**

A plane region *D* is said to be of type 2 if it lies between two continuous functions of *y*.

That is,
*y*.

If the region *D* is of type 1, then the region that has to be evaluated is given below in the Figure 1.

Therefore, from Figure 1, it is observed that when *x* varies from 0 to 4, *y* varies from *x* to 4.

Similarly, if the region *D* is of type 2, then the region that has to be evaluated is given below in the Figure 2.

Therefore, from Figure 2, it is observed that *x* varies from 0 to *y* and *y* varies from 0 to 4.

So, if the region *D* is of type 1, then the integration by parts has to be used, but if the region *D* is of type 2, then it is easy to evaluate the integration when compared to the previous case. Hence, this method is considered as the easier method.

So, the value of double integral is obtained as follows.

Integrate the first term with respect to *y*

Sect-15.1 P-1ESect-15.1 P-2ESect-15.1 P-3ESect-15.1 P-4ESect-15.1 P-5ESect-15.1 P-6ESect-15.1 P-7ESect-15.1 P-8ESect-15.1 P-9ESect-15.1 P-10E

Sect-15.1 P-11ESect-15.1 P-12ESect-15.1 P-13ESect-15.1 P-14ESect-15.1 P-15ESect-15.1 P-16ESect-15.1 P-17ESect-15.1 P-18ESect-15.1 P-19ESect-15.1 P-20ESect-15.1 P-21ESect-15.1 P-22ESect-15.1 P-23ESect-15.1 P-24ESect-15.1 P-25ESect-15.1 P-26ESect-15.1 P-27ESect-15.1 P-28ESect-15.1 P-29ESect-15.1 P-30ESect-15.1 P-31ESect-15.1 P-32ESect-15.1 P-33ESect-15.1 P-34ESect-15.1 P-35ESect-15.1 P-36ESect-15.1 P-37ESect-15.1 P-38ESect-15.1 P-39ESect-15.1 P-40ESect-15.1 P-41ESect-15.1 P-42ESect-15.1 P-43ESect-15.1 P-44ESect-15.1 P-47ESect-15.1 P-48ESect-15.1 P-49ESect-15.1 P-50ESect-15.1 P-52ESect-15.2 P-1ESect-15.2 P-2ESect-15.2 P-3ESect-15.2 P-4ESect-15.2 P-5ESect-15.2 P-6ESect-15.2 P-7ESect-15.2 P-8ESect-15.2 P-9ESect-15.2 P-10ESect-15.2 P-11ESect-15.2 P-12ESect-15.2 P-13ESect-15.2 P-14ESect-15.2 P-15ESect-15.2 P-16ESect-15.2 P-17ESect-15.2 P-18ESect-15.2 P-19ESect-15.2 P-20ESect-15.2 P-21ESect-15.2 P-22ESect-15.2 P-23ESect-15.2 P-24ESect-15.2 P-25ESect-15.2 P-26ESect-15.2 P-27ESect-15.2 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P-9ESect-15.6 P-10ESect-15.6 P-11ESect-15.6 P-12ESect-15.6 P-13ESect-15.6 P-14ESect-15.6 P-15ESect-15.6 P-16ESect-15.6 P-17ESect-15.6 P-18ESect-15.6 P-19ESect-15.6 P-20ESect-15.6 P-21ESect-15.6 P-22ESect-15.6 P-25ESect-15.6 P-26ESect-15.6 P-27ESect-15.6 P-28ESect-15.6 P-29ESect-15.6 P-30ESect-15.6 P-31ESect-15.6 P-32ESect-15.6 P-33ESect-15.6 P-34ESect-15.6 P-35ESect-15.6 P-36ESect-15.6 P-37ESect-15.6 P-38ESect-15.6 P-39ESect-15.6 P-40ESect-15.6 P-41ESect-15.6 P-42ESect-15.6 P-43ESect-15.6 P-44ESect-15.6 P-45ESect-15.6 P-46ESect-15.6 P-47ESect-15.6 P-48ESect-15.6 P-51ESect-15.6 P-52ESect-15.6 P-53ESect-15.6 P-54ESect-15.7 P-1ESect-15.7 P-2ESect-15.7 P-3ESect-15.7 P-4ESect-15.7 P-5ESect-15.7 P-6ESect-15.7 P-7ESect-15.7 P-8ESect-15.7 P-9ESect-15.7 P-10ESect-15.7 P-11ESect-15.7 P-12ESect-15.7 P-13ESect-15.7 P-14ESect-15.7 P-15ESect-15.7 P-16ESect-15.7 P-17ESect-15.7 P-18ESect-15.7 P-19ESect-15.7 P-20ESect-15.7 P-21ESect-15.7 P-22ESect-15.7 P-23ESect-15.7 P-24ESect-15.7 P-25ESect-15.7 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P-16ESect-15.9 P-17ESect-15.9 P-18ESect-15.9 P-19ESect-15.9 P-20ESect-15.9 P-21ESect-15.9 P-22ESect-15.9 P-23ESect-15.9 P-24ESect-15.9 P-25ESect-15.9 P-26ESect-15.9 P-27ESect-15.9 P-28ECh-15 P-1RCCCh-15 P-2RCCCh-15 P-3RCCCh-15 P-4RCCCh-15 P-5RCCCh-15 P-6RCCCh-15 P-7RCCCh-15 P-8RCCCh-15 P-9RCCCh-15 P-10RCCCh-15 P-1RQCh-15 P-2RQCh-15 P-3RQCh-15 P-4RQCh-15 P-5RQCh-15 P-6RQCh-15 P-7RQCh-15 P-8RQCh-15 P-9RQCh-15 P-1RECh-15 P-2RECh-15 P-3RECh-15 P-4RECh-15 P-5RECh-15 P-6RECh-15 P-7RECh-15 P-8RECh-15 P-9RECh-15 P-10RECh-15 P-11RECh-15 P-12RECh-15 P-13RECh-15 P-14RECh-15 P-15RECh-15 P-16RECh-15 P-17RECh-15 P-18RECh-15 P-19RECh-15 P-20RECh-15 P-21RECh-15 P-22RECh-15 P-23RECh-15 P-24RECh-15 P-25RECh-15 P-26RECh-15 P-27RECh-15 P-28RECh-15 P-29RECh-15 P-30RECh-15 P-31RECh-15 P-32RECh-15 P-33RECh-15 P-34RECh-15 P-35RECh-15 P-36RECh-15 P-37RECh-15 P-38RECh-15 P-39RECh-15 P-40RECh-15 P-41RECh-15 P-42RECh-15 P-43RECh-15 P-44RECh-15 P-45RECh-15 P-47RECh-15 P-48RECh-15 P-49RECh-15 P-51RECh-15 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