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Calculus: Early Transcendentals

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285741550

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Calculus: Early Transcendentals

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781285741550
Textbook Problem

Prove the following identity: ∇(F · G) = (F · ∇)G + (G · ∇)F + F × curl G + G × curl F

To determine

To prove: The identity (FG)=(F)G+(G)F+F×curl G+G×curl F .

Explanation

Formula used:

Write the expression for .

=xi+yj+zk (1)

Write the required differential and integration formulae to evaluate the given integral.

ddxxn=nxn1[f(x)]ndx=[f(x)]n+1n+1

Write the expression for curlF .

curlF=|ijkxyzPQR| (2)

Consider the expression for F as follows.

F=P1i+Q1j+R1k (3)

Consider the expression for G as follows.

G=P2i+Q2j+R2k (4)

Find the value of F .

F=(P1i+Q1j+R1k)(xi+yj+zk)=P1x+Q1y+R1z

Find the value of (F)G .

(F)G=(P1x+Q1y+R1z)(P2i+Q2j+R2k)={(P1P2x+Q1P2y+R1P2z)i+(P1Q2x+Q1Q2y+R1Q2z)j+(P1R2x+Q1R2y+R1R2z)k}=(FP2)i+(FQ2)j+(FR2)k

Find the value of G .

G=(P2i+Q2j+R2k)(xi+yj+zk)=P2x+Q2y+R2z

Find the value of (G)F .

(G)F=(P2x+Q2y+R2z)(P1i+Q1j+R1k)={(P2P1x+Q2P1y+R2P1z)i+(P2Q1x+Q2Q1y+R2Q1z)j+(P2R1x+Q2R1y+R2R1z)k}=(GP1)i+(GQ1)j+(GR1)k

Write the expression for F(x,y,z) .

F(x,y,z)=Pi+Qj+Rk (5)

Compare equation (3) and (5).

P=P1Q=Q1R=R1

Substitute P1 for P , Q1 for Q and R1 for R in equation (2),

curlF=|ijkxyzP1Q1R1|={i[R1yQ1z]j[R1xP1z]+k[Q1xP1y]}

Find the value of G×curlF

G×curlF={P2i+Q2j+R2k}×{i[R1yQ1z]j[R1xP1z]+k[Q1xP1y]}=[ijkP2Q2R2(R1yQ1z)(R1xP1z)(Q1xP1y)]={[Q2(Q1xP1y)+R2(R1xP1z)]i[P2(Q1xP1y)R2(R1yQ1z)]j+[(P2)(R1xP1z)Q2(R1yQ1z)]k}={[Q2Q1xQ2P1y+R2R1xR2P1z]i+[P2P1yP2Q1x+R2R1yR2Q1z]j+[P2P1zP2R1xQ2R1y+Q2Q1z]k}

Write the expression for G(x,y,z) .

G(x,y,z)=Pi+Qj+Rk (6)

Compare equation (4) and (6).

P=P2Q=Q2R=R2

Modify equation (2) as follows

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Chapter 16 Solutions

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Sect-16.1 P-11ESect-16.1 P-12ESect-16.1 P-13ESect-16.1 P-14ESect-16.1 P-15ESect-16.1 P-16ESect-16.1 P-17ESect-16.1 P-18ESect-16.1 P-21ESect-16.1 P-22ESect-16.1 P-23ESect-16.1 P-24ESect-16.1 P-25ESect-16.1 P-26ESect-16.1 P-29ESect-16.1 P-30ESect-16.1 P-31ESect-16.1 P-32ESect-16.1 P-33ESect-16.1 P-34ESect-16.1 P-35ESect-16.1 P-36ESect-16.2 P-1ESect-16.2 P-2ESect-16.2 P-3ESect-16.2 P-4ESect-16.2 P-5ESect-16.2 P-6ESect-16.2 P-7ESect-16.2 P-8ESect-16.2 P-9ESect-16.2 P-10ESect-16.2 P-11ESect-16.2 P-12ESect-16.2 P-13ESect-16.2 P-14ESect-16.2 P-15ESect-16.2 P-16ESect-16.2 P-17ESect-16.2 P-18ESect-16.2 P-19ESect-16.2 P-20ESect-16.2 P-21ESect-16.2 P-22ESect-16.2 P-23ESect-16.2 P-24ESect-16.2 P-25ESect-16.2 P-26ESect-16.2 P-31ESect-16.2 P-32ESect-16.2 P-33ESect-16.2 P-34ESect-16.2 P-35ESect-16.2 P-36ESect-16.2 P-37ESect-16.2 P-38ESect-16.2 P-39ESect-16.2 P-40ESect-16.2 P-41ESect-16.2 P-42ESect-16.2 P-43ESect-16.2 P-44ESect-16.2 P-45ESect-16.2 P-46ESect-16.2 P-47ESect-16.2 P-48ESect-16.2 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P-2ESect-16.5 P-3ESect-16.5 P-4ESect-16.5 P-5ESect-16.5 P-6ESect-16.5 P-7ESect-16.5 P-8ESect-16.5 P-9ESect-16.5 P-10ESect-16.5 P-11ESect-16.5 P-12ESect-16.5 P-13ESect-16.5 P-14ESect-16.5 P-15ESect-16.5 P-16ESect-16.5 P-17ESect-16.5 P-18ESect-16.5 P-19ESect-16.5 P-20ESect-16.5 P-21ESect-16.5 P-22ESect-16.5 P-23ESect-16.5 P-24ESect-16.5 P-25ESect-16.5 P-26ESect-16.5 P-27ESect-16.5 P-28ESect-16.5 P-29ESect-16.5 P-30ESect-16.5 P-31ESect-16.5 P-32ESect-16.5 P-33ESect-16.5 P-34ESect-16.5 P-35ESect-16.5 P-36ESect-16.5 P-37ESect-16.5 P-38ESect-16.5 P-39ESect-16.6 P-1ESect-16.6 P-2ESect-16.6 P-3ESect-16.6 P-4ESect-16.6 P-5ESect-16.6 P-6ESect-16.6 P-13ESect-16.6 P-14ESect-16.6 P-15ESect-16.6 P-16ESect-16.6 P-17ESect-16.6 P-18ESect-16.6 P-19ESect-16.6 P-20ESect-16.6 P-21ESect-16.6 P-22ESect-16.6 P-23ESect-16.6 P-24ESect-16.6 P-25ESect-16.6 P-26ESect-16.6 P-29ESect-16.6 P-30ESect-16.6 P-33ESect-16.6 P-34ESect-16.6 P-35ESect-16.6 P-36ESect-16.6 P-37ESect-16.6 P-38ESect-16.6 P-39ESect-16.6 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P-7ESect-16.8 P-8ESect-16.8 P-9ESect-16.8 P-10ESect-16.8 P-11ESect-16.8 P-12ESect-16.8 P-13ESect-16.8 P-14ESect-16.8 P-15ESect-16.8 P-17ESect-16.8 P-18ESect-16.8 P-19ESect-16.8 P-20ESect-16.9 P-1ESect-16.9 P-2ESect-16.9 P-3ESect-16.9 P-4ESect-16.9 P-5ESect-16.9 P-6ESect-16.9 P-7ESect-16.9 P-8ESect-16.9 P-9ESect-16.9 P-10ESect-16.9 P-11ESect-16.9 P-12ESect-16.9 P-13ESect-16.9 P-14ESect-16.9 P-17ESect-16.9 P-18ESect-16.9 P-19ESect-16.9 P-20ESect-16.9 P-23ESect-16.9 P-24ESect-16.9 P-25ESect-16.9 P-26ESect-16.9 P-27ESect-16.9 P-28ESect-16.9 P-29ESect-16.9 P-30ESect-16.9 P-31ESect-16.9 P-32ECh-16 P-1RCCCh-16 P-2RCCCh-16 P-3RCCCh-16 P-4RCCCh-16 P-5RCCCh-16 P-6RCCCh-16 P-7RCCCh-16 P-8RCCCh-16 P-9RCCCh-16 P-10RCCCh-16 P-11RCCCh-16 P-12RCCCh-16 P-13RCCCh-16 P-14RCCCh-16 P-15RCCCh-16 P-16RCCCh-16 P-1RQCh-16 P-2RQCh-16 P-3RQCh-16 P-4RQCh-16 P-5RQCh-16 P-6RQCh-16 P-7RQCh-16 P-8RQCh-16 P-9RQCh-16 P-10RQCh-16 P-11RQCh-16 P-12RQCh-16 P-13RQCh-16 P-1RECh-16 P-2RECh-16 P-3RECh-16 P-4RECh-16 P-5RECh-16 P-6RECh-16 P-7RECh-16 P-8RECh-16 P-9RECh-16 P-10RECh-16 P-11RECh-16 P-12RECh-16 P-13RECh-16 P-14RECh-16 P-15RECh-16 P-16RECh-16 P-17RECh-16 P-18RECh-16 P-19RECh-16 P-20RECh-16 P-21RECh-16 P-22RECh-16 P-23RECh-16 P-24RECh-16 P-25RECh-16 P-27RECh-16 P-28RECh-16 P-29RECh-16 P-30RECh-16 P-31RECh-16 P-32RECh-16 P-33RECh-16 P-34RECh-16 P-35RECh-16 P-36RECh-16 P-37RECh-16 P-38RECh-16 P-39RECh-16 P-40RECh-16 P-41RECh-16 P-1PCh-16 P-2PCh-16 P-3PCh-16 P-5PCh-16 P-6P

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