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8th Edition

James Stewart

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285741550

Chapter 16.2, Problem 33E

Textbook Problem

A thin wire is bent into the shape of a semicircle *x*^{2} + *y*^{2} = 4, *x* ⩾ 0. If the linear density is a constant *k*, find the mass and center of mass of the wire.

Expert Solution

To determine

**To find:** The mass of a thin wire which bent into the shape of a semicircle

**Given data:**

The mass of a thin wire which bent into the shape of a semicircle

The linear density is a constant

**Formula used:**

Write the expression to find the mass of a thin wire which is in the shape of a curve

Here,

Write the expression to find

Write the expression to find the *x*-coordinate of a center of mass of the thin wire.

Here,

Write the expression to find the *y*-coordinate of a center of mass of the thin wire.

Write the equation of semi circle as follows.

Consider the parametric equations such that the considered parameters must satisfy the equation of the circle

Consider the parametric equations of the curve as follows.

The considered parametric equations and the limits are satisfied if the parameters substitute in the equation of circle

As the linear density is a constant

**Calculation of**
**:**

Substitute

Simplify the expression as follows.

**Calculation of mass**
**:**

Substitute

Thus, the mass of a thin wire which bent into the shape of a semicircle

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

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(a)...Ch. 16.2 - The figure shows a vector field F and two curves...Ch. 16.2 - Evaluate the line integral C F dr, where C is...Ch. 16.2 - Evaluate the line integral C F dr, where C is...Ch. 16.2 - Evaluate the line integral C F dr, where C is...Ch. 16.2 - Evaluate the line integral C F dr, where C is...Ch. 16.2 - Use a calculator to evaluate the line integral...Ch. 16.2 - Use a calculator to evaluate the line integral...Ch. 16.2 - Use a calculator to evaluate the line integral...Ch. 16.2 - Use a calculator to evaluate the line integral...Ch. 16.2 - Find the exact value of C x3y2 z ds, where C is...Ch. 16.2 - (a) Find the work done by the force field F(x, y)...Ch. 16.2 - A thin wire is bent into the shape of a semicircle...Ch. 16.2 - A thin wire has the shape of the first-quadrant...Ch. 16.2 - (a) Write the formulas similar to Equations 4 for...Ch. 16.2 - Find the mass and center of mass of a wire in the...Ch. 16.2 - If a wire with linear density (x, y) lies along a...Ch. 16.2 - If a wire with linear density (x, y, z) lies along...Ch. 16.2 - Find the work done by the force field F(x, y) = x...Ch. 16.2 - Find the work done by the force field F(x, y) = x2...Ch. 16.2 - Find the work done by the force field F(x, y, z) =...Ch. 16.2 - The force exerted by an electric charge at the...Ch. 16.2 - The position of an object with mass m at time t is...Ch. 16.2 - An object with mass m moves with position function...Ch. 16.2 - A 160-lb man carries a 25-lb can of paint up a...Ch. 16.2 - Suppose there is a hole in the can of paint in...Ch. 16.2 - (a) Show that a constant force field does zero...Ch. 16.2 - The base of a circular fence with radius 10 m is...Ch. 16.2 - If C is a smooth curve given by a vector function...Ch. 16.2 - If C is a smooth curve given by a vector function...Ch. 16.2 - An object moves along the curve C shown in the...Ch. 16.2 - Experiments show that a steady current I in a long...Ch. 16.3 - The figure shows a curve C and a contour map of a...Ch. 16.3 - A table of values of a function f with continuous...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - Determine whether or not F is a conservative...Ch. 16.3 - The figure shows the vector field F(x, y) = 2xy,...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - (a) Find a function f such that F = f and (b) use...Ch. 16.3 - Show that the line integral is independent of path...Ch. 16.3 - Show that the line integral is independent of path...Ch. 16.3 - Suppose youre asked to determine the curve that...Ch. 16.3 - Suppose an experiment determines that the amount...Ch. 16.3 - Find the work done by the force field F in moving...Ch. 16.3 - Find the work done by the force field F in moving...Ch. 16.3 - Is the vector field shown in the figure...Ch. 16.3 - Is the vector field shown in the figure...Ch. 16.3 - Let F = f, where f(x, y) = sin(x 2y). 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(Check the...Ch. 16.4 - Use Greens Theorem to evaluate C F dr. (Check the...Ch. 16.4 - Use Greens Theorem to evaluate C F dr. (Check the...Ch. 16.4 - Use Greens Theorem to evaluate C F dr. (Check the...Ch. 16.4 - Use Greens Theorem to find the work done by the...Ch. 16.4 - A particle starts at the origin, moves along the...Ch. 16.4 - Use one of the formulas in (5) to find the area...Ch. 16.4 - If a circle C with radius 1 rolls along the...Ch. 16.4 - (a) If C is the line segment connecting the point...Ch. 16.4 - Let D be a region bounded by a simple closed path...Ch. 16.4 - Use Exercise 22 to find the centroid of a...Ch. 16.4 - Use Exercise 22 to find the centroid of the...Ch. 16.4 - A plane lamina with constant density (x, y) = ...Ch. 16.4 - Use Exercise 25 to find the moment of inertia of a...Ch. 16.4 - Use the method of Example 5 to calculate C F dr,...Ch. 16.4 - Calculate C F dr, where F(x, y) = x2 + y, 3x y2...Ch. 16.4 - If F is the vector field of Example 5, show that C...Ch. 16.4 - Complete the proof of the special case of Greens...Ch. 16.4 - Use Greens Theorem to prove the change of...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - Find (a) the curl and (b) the divergence of the...Ch. 16.5 - The vector field F is shown in the xy-plane and...Ch. 16.5 - The vector field F is shown in the xy-plane and...Ch. 16.5 - The vector field F is shown in the xy-plane and...Ch. 16.5 - Let f be a scalar field and F a vector field....Ch. 16.5 - Determine whether or not the vector field is...Ch. 16.5 - Determine whether or not the vector field is...Ch. 16.5 - Determine whether or not the vector field is...Ch. 16.5 - Determine whether or not the vector field is...Ch. 16.5 - Determine whether or not the vector field is...Ch. 16.5 - Determine whether or not the vector field is...Ch. 16.5 - Is there a vector field G on 3 such that curl G =...Ch. 16.5 - Is there a vector field G on 3 such that curl G =...Ch. 16.5 - Show that any vector field of the form F(x, y, z)...Ch. 16.5 - Show that any vector field of the form F(x, y, z)...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Prove the identity, assuming that the appropriate...Ch. 16.5 - Let r = x i + y j + z k and r = |r|. 30. Verify...Ch. 16.5 - Let r = x i + y j + z k and r = |r|. 31. Verify...Ch. 16.5 - Let r = x i + y j + z k and r = |r|. 32. If F =...Ch. 16.5 - Use Greens Theorem in the form of Equation 13 to...Ch. 16.5 - Use Greens first identity (Exercise 33) to prove...Ch. 16.5 - Recall from Section 14.3 that a function g is...Ch. 16.5 - Use Greens first identity to show that if f is...Ch. 16.5 - This exercise demonstrates a connection between...Ch. 16.5 - Maxwells equations relating the electric field E...Ch. 16.5 - We have seen that all vector fields of the form F...Ch. 16.6 - Determine whether the points P and Q lie on the...Ch. 16.6 - Determine whether the points P and Q lie on the...Ch. 16.6 - Identify the surface with the given vector...Ch. 16.6 - Identify the surface with the given vector...Ch. 16.6 - Identify the surface with the given vector...Ch. 16.6 - Identify the surface with the given vector...Ch. 16.6 - Match the equations with the graphs labeled IVI...Ch. 16.6 - Match the equations with the graphs labeled IVI...Ch. 16.6 - Match the equations with the graphs labeled IVI...Ch. 16.6 - Match the equations with the graphs labeled IVI...Ch. 16.6 - Match the equations with the graphs labeled IVI...Ch. 16.6 - Match the equations with the graphs labeled IVI...Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find a parametric representation for the surface....Ch. 16.6 - Find parametric equations for the surface obtained...Ch. 16.6 - Find parametric equations for the surface obtained...Ch. 16.6 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 16.6 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 16.6 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 16.6 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 16.6 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 16.6 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 39. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 40. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 41. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 42. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 43. The surface z =...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 44. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 45. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 46. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 47. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 48. The helicoid (or...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 49. The surface with...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface. 50. The part of the...Ch. 16.6 - If the equation of a surfaceSis z =f(x,y),...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface correct to four...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface correct to four...Ch. 16.6 - Find, to four decimal places, the area of the part...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the surface with vector equation...Ch. 16.6 - (a) Show that the parametric equations x...Ch. 16.6 - (a) Show that the parametric equationsx = acosh u...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the part of the spherex2+y2+ z2=...Ch. 16.6 - The figure shows the surface created when the...Ch. 16.6 - Find the area of the part of the spherex2+y2+ z2 =...Ch. 16.7 - LetSbe the surface of the box enclosed by the...Ch. 16.7 - A surface S consists of the cylinderx2+ y2=1, 1 z...Ch. 16.7 - LetHbe the hemispherex2+y2+ z2= 50,z 0, and...Ch. 16.7 - Suppose thatf(x, y,z)=g(), where g is a function...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 5. s (x + y + z)...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 6. s xyz dS, Sis...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 7. s y dS,Sis the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 8.s (x2+ y2)dS, Sis...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 9. s x2yz dS, Sis...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 10. s xz dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 11. s x dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 12. s y dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 13. s z2dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 14. s y2z2 dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 15. s x dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 16 s y2 dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 17. s (x2z +...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 18. s (x + y + z)...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 19. s xz dS, S is...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral. 20. s (x2 + y2 +...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Evaluate the surface integral s F dS for the...Ch. 16.7 - Find a formula for s F dS similar to Formula 10...Ch. 16.7 - Find a formula for s F dS similar to Formula 10...Ch. 16.7 - Find the center of mass of the hemisphere x2 + y2...Ch. 16.7 - Find the mass of a thin funnel in the shape of a...Ch. 16.7 - (a) Give an integral expression for the moment of...Ch. 16.7 - Let S be the part of the sphere x2 + y2 + z2 = 25...Ch. 16.7 - A fluid has density 870 kg/m3 and flows with...Ch. 16.7 - Seawater has density 1025 kg/m3 and flows in a...Ch. 16.7 - Use Gausss Law to find the charge contained in the...Ch. 16.7 - Use Gausss Law to find the charge enclosed by the...Ch. 16.7 - The temperature at the point (x, y, z) in a...Ch. 16.7 - The temperature at a point in a ball with...Ch. 16.7 - Let F be an inverse square field, that is, |F(r) =...Ch. 16.8 - 1. A hemisphere H and a portion P of a paraboloid...Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate s curl F dS. 2....Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate s curl F dS. 3....Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate s curl F dS. 4....Ch. 16.8 - F(x, y, z) = xyz i + xy j + x2yz k. S consists of...Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate s curl F dS. 6....Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate c F dr. In each...Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate c F dr. In each...Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate c F dr. In each...Ch. 16.8 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate c F dr. In each...Ch. 16.8 - (a) Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate c F dr, where...Ch. 16.8 - (a) Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate c F dr, where...Ch. 16.8 - Verify that Stokes Theorem is true for the given...Ch. 16.8 - Verify that Stokes Theorem is true for the given...Ch. 16.8 - Verify that Stokes Theorem is true for the given...Ch. 16.8 - A particle moves along line segments from the...Ch. 16.8 - Evaluate c (y + sin x) dx + (z2 + cos y) dy + x3...Ch. 16.8 - If S is a sphere and F satisfies the hypotheses of...Ch. 16.8 - Suppose S and C satisfy the hypotheses of Stokes...Ch. 16.9 - Verify that the Divergence Theorem is true for the...Ch. 16.9 - Verify that the Divergence Theorem is true for the...Ch. 16.9 - Verify that the Divergence Theorem is true for the...Ch. 16.9 - Verify that the Divergence Theorem is true for the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to evaluate s F dS,...Ch. 16.9 - Let F(x, y, z) = z tan-1(y2) i + z3 ln(x2 + 1) j +...Ch. 16.9 - A vector field F is shown. Use the interpretation...Ch. 16.9 - (a) Are the points P1 and P2 sources or sinks for...Ch. 16.9 - Verify that div E = 0 for the electric field...Ch. 16.9 - Use the Divergence Theorem to evaluate...Ch. 16.9 - Prove each identity, assuming that S and E satisfy...Ch. 16.9 - Prove each identity, assuming that S and E satisfy...Ch. 16.9 - Prove each identity, assuming that S and E satisfy...Ch. 16.9 - Prove each identity, assuming that S and E satisfy...Ch. 16.9 - Prove each identity, assuming that S and E satisfy...Ch. 16.9 - Prove each identity, assuming that S and E satisfy...Ch. 16.9 - Suppose S and E satisfy the conditions of the...Ch. 16.9 - A solid occupies a region E with surface S and is...Ch. 16 - What is a vector field? Give three examples that...Ch. 16 - (a) What is a conservative vector field? (b) What...Ch. 16 - (a) Write the definition of the line integral of a...Ch. 16 - (a) Define the line integral of a vector field F...Ch. 16 - State the Fundamental Theorem for Line Integrals.Ch. 16 - (a) What does it mean to say that C F dris...Ch. 16 - State Greens Theorem.Ch. 16 - Write expressions for the area enclosed by a curve...Ch. 16 - Suppose F is a vector field on 3. (a) Define curl...Ch. 16 - If F = P i + Q j, how do you determine whether F...Ch. 16 - (a) What is a parametric surface? What arc its...Ch. 16 - (a) Write the definition of the surface integral...Ch. 16 - (a) What is an oriented surface? Give an example...Ch. 16 - State Stokes Theorem.Ch. 16 - State the Divergence Theorem.Ch. 16 - In what ways are the Fundamental Theorem for Line...Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 16 - A vector field F, a curve C, and a point P are...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 2. C x ds, C is the...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 3. C yz cos x ds, C: x...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 4. C y dx + (x + y2)...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 5. C y3 dx + x2 dy, C...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 6. C xy dx + ey dy +...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 7. C xy dx + y2 dy +...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 8. C F dr, where F(x,...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the line integral. 9. C F dr, where...Ch. 16 - Find the work done by the force field F(x, y, z) =...Ch. 16 - Show that F is a conservative vector field. Then...Ch. 16 - Show that F is a conservative vector field. Then...Ch. 16 - Show that F is a conservative and use this fact to...Ch. 16 - Show that F is a conservative and use this fact to...Ch. 16 - Verify that Greens Theorem is true for the line...Ch. 16 - Use Greens Theorem to evaluate C 1+x3dx + 2xydy...Ch. 16 - Use Greens Theorem to evaluate C x2y dx xy2dy,...Ch. 16 - Find curl F and div F if F(x, y, z) = e-x sin y i...Ch. 16 - Show that there is no vector field G such that...Ch. 16 - If F and G are vector fields whose component...Ch. 16 - If C is any piecewise-smooth simple closed plane...Ch. 16 - If f and g are twice differentiable functions,...Ch. 16 - If f is a harmonic function, that is, 2f = 0, show...Ch. 16 - (a) Sketch the curve C with parametric equations x...Ch. 16 - Find the area of the part of the surface z = x2 +...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the surface integral. 27. S z dS, where S...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the surface integral. 28. s (x2z +...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the surface integral. 29. S F dS, where...Ch. 16 - Evaluate the surface integral. 30. S F dS, where...Ch. 16 - Verify that Stokes Theorem is true for the vector...Ch. 16 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate s curl F dS, where...Ch. 16 - Use Stokes Theorem to evaluate C F dr, where F(x,...Ch. 16 - Use the Divergence Theorem to calculate the...Ch. 16 - Verify that the Divergence Theorem is true for the...Ch. 16 - Compute the outward flux of F(x, y, z) =...Ch. 16 - Let F(x, y, z) = (3x2 yz 3y) i + (x3z 3x) j +...Ch. 16 - Let F(x, y) = (2x3+2xy22y)i+(2y3+2x2y+2x)jx2+y2...Ch. 16 - Find S F n dS, where F(x, y, z) = x i + y j + z k...Ch. 16 - If the components of F have continuous second...Ch. 16 - If a is a constant vector, r = x i + y j + z k,...Ch. 16 - 1. Let S be a smooth parametric surface and let P...Ch. 16 - Find the positively oriented simple closed curve C...Ch. 16 - Let C be a simple closed piecewise-smooth space...Ch. 16 - Prove the following identity: (F G) = (F )G + (G...Ch. 16 - The figure depicts the sequence of events in each...

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Before you solve each problem below, first categorize it by answering the following question: Are we testing a ...

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47.

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For Problems 1-50, solve each equation. Objective 1 6n43n=3n4

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In Exercises 43 to 46, list all subsets of the given set. {I, II, III}

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In the theory of relativity, the mass of a particle with velocity v is m0=m01v2/c2 where mo is the mass of the ...

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In Exercises 1-6. refer to the following matrices: A=[23941126760295158] B=[312014321108] C=[10345] D=[1320] Id...

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The paper referenced in the previous exercise also reported that for a representative sample of 68 second-year ...

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Add the graph of y=xx2+1 to the plot from Exercise S-19. S-19. Plot the following data points. x 1 2 5 7 9 y 0....

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