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Accounting (Text Only)

26th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285743615

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Accounting (Text Only)

26th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285743615
Chapter 17, Problem 1DQ
Textbook Problem
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What is the difference between horizontal and vertical analysis of financial statements?

To determine

Horizontal Analysis: Horizontal analysis is prepared to make comparison between the financial statements to determine the changes in the financial statements for the previous year to the current year. The changes of the company are measured in dollars as well as in percentage.

Formula:

Percentage Change=100×Later PeriodAmountBasePeriod AmountBase Period Amount

Vertical Analysis: Vertical analysis is prepared to analyze the relationship among various financial statements with a particular base amount. Use the following formula to calculate vertical analysis percentage:

Formula:

Vertical analysis percentage =(Specific itemBaseamount)×100

This analysis is otherwise called as common-size statement.

To explain:

The differences between horizontal and vertical analysis

Explanation of Solution

Basis of difference Horizontal analysis Vertical analysis
Difference Horizontal analysis is prepared to make comparison between the financial statements to determine the changes in the financial statements for the previous year to the current year. Vertical analysis is prepared to analyze the relationship among various financial statements with a particular base amount.
Purpose This analysis helps the user to compare line by line items and changes happened over the time.  This analysis helps to make comparison of changes occurred in terms of percentage. 
Usefulness This analysis is used to compare the performance with previous years. This analysis is used to compare company’s performance with other companies.
Conclusion

Thus, the above are the differences between horizontal and vertical analysis.

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Chapter 17 Solutions

Accounting (Text Only)
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Ch. 17 - Horizontal analysis The comparative temporary...Ch. 17 - Horizontal analysis The comparative accounts...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis Income statement information for...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis Income statement information for...Ch. 17 - Current position analysis The following items are...Ch. 17 - Current position analysis The followingitems are...Ch. 17 - Accounts receivable analysis A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Accounts receivable analysis A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Inventory analysis A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Inventory analysis A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Long-term solvency analysis The following...Ch. 17 - Long -term solvency analysis The following...Ch. 17 - Times interest earned A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Times interest earned A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Asset turnover A company reports the following:...Ch. 17 - Asset turnover A company reports the following:...Ch. 17 - Return on total assets A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Return on total assets A company reports the...Ch. 17 - Common stockholders profitability analysis A...Ch. 17 - Common stockholders profitability analysis A...Ch. 17 - Earnings per share and price-earnings ratio A...Ch. 17 - Earnings per share and price-earnings ratio A...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis of income statement Revenue and...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis of income statement The...Ch. 17 - Common-sized income statement Revenue and expense...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis of balance sheet Balance sheet...Ch. 17 - Horizontal analysis of the income statement Income...Ch. 17 - Current position analysis The following data were...Ch. 17 - Current position analysis PepsiCo, Inc., the...Ch. 17 - Current position analysis The bond indenture for...Ch. 17 - Accounts receivable analysis The following data...Ch. 17 - Accounts receivable analysis Xavier Scores Company...Ch. 17 - Inventory analysis The following data were...Ch. 17 - Inventory analysis Dell Inc. and Hewlett-Packard...Ch. 17 - Ratio of liabilities to stockholders equity and...Ch. 17 - Ratio of liabilities to stockholders equity and...Ch. 17 - Ratio of liabilities to stockholders equity and...Ch. 17 - Ratio of sales to assets Three major segments of...Ch. 17 - Profitability ratios The following selected data...Ch. 17 - Profitability ratios Ralph Lauren Corporation...Ch. 17 - Six measures of solvency or profitability The...Ch. 17 - Six measures of solvency or profitability The...Ch. 17 - Earnings per share, price-earnings ratio, dividend...Ch. 17 - Price-earnings ratio; dividend yield The table...Ch. 17 - Earnings per share, discontinued operations The...Ch. 17 - Appendix Extraordinary item Assume that the amount...Ch. 17 - Income statement and earnings per share for...Ch. 17 - Unusual items Explain whether Colston Company...Ch. 17 - Horizontal analysis of income statement For 2016,...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis of income statement For 2016,...Ch. 17 - Effect of transactions on current position...Ch. 17 - Nineteen measures of solvency and profitability...Ch. 17 - Solvency and profitability trend analysis Addai...Ch. 17 - Horizontal analysis of income statement For 2016,...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis of income statement For 2016,...Ch. 17 - Effect of transactions on current position...Ch. 17 - Nineteen measures of solvency and profitability...Ch. 17 - Solvency and profitability trend analysis Crosby...Ch. 17 - Nike, Inc., Problem Financial Statement Analysis...Ch. 17 - Analysis of financing corporate growth Assume that...Ch. 17 - Receivables and inventory turnover Rodgers...Ch. 17 - Vertical analysis The condensed income statements...Ch. 17 - Profitability and stockholder ratios Deere Co....Ch. 17 - Comprehensive profitability and solvency analysis...

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