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4th Edition

Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305965584

Chapter 3, Problem 69RE

Textbook Problem

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Write the **a**. converse, **b**. inverse, and **c**. contrapositive of the given statement.

If *a* and *b* are both divisible by 3, then

To determine

**(a)**

**To write:**

converse of the given statement

**Given information:**

The statement:

**Concept Involved:**

A statement that can be written in if-then form is called Conditional Statement. The phrase immediately following the word if is the hypothesis. The phrase immediately following the word then is the conclusion.

A Conditional Statement can be represented in symbols as

Statements that have the same truth values are logically equivalent. They are either both TRUE or both FALSE.

If you change the hypothesis or conclusion of a conditional statement, you form related conditionals. The below chart shows the three related conditionals, converse, inverse and contrapositive, and how they are related to a conditional statement

Logic | Symbols | Formed by |

Conditional | Using the given hypothesis and conclusion | |

Converse | Exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion | |

Inverse | Replacing the hypothesis with its negation and replacing the conclusion with its negation | |

Contrapositive | Negating the hypothesis, negating the conclusion, and switching them |

A conditional statement is logically equivalent to its contrapositive.

A conditional statement and its converse are NOT logically equivalent.

A conditional statement and its inverse are NOT logically equivalent.

The converse and the inverse of a conditional statement are logically equivalent to each other.

**Calculation:**

The statement can be rewritten as

To determine

**(b)**

**To write:**

inverse of the given statement

To determine

**(c)**

**To write:**

contrapositive of the given statement

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

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Ch. 3.1 - Draw a network to represent each statement. [ PQR...Ch. 3.1 - Draw a network to represent each statement....Ch. 3.1 - Draw a network to represent each statement. [...Ch. 3.1 - Draw a network to represent each statement....Ch. 3.1 - Warning Circuits The circuits shown in Excursion...Ch. 3.1 - Warning Circuits The circuits shown in Excursion...Ch. 3.1 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3.1 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3.1 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3.1 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3.1 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3.1 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement. 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[...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement....Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. {...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Construct a truth table for the given Statement. [...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - State whether the given biconditional is true or...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Use v, p,...Ch. 3.3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. 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If it...Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - Determine whether the given statements are...Ch. 3.4 - 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A Puzzle Lewis Carroll (Charles Dodgson) wrote...Ch. 3.4 - Recreational Logic Consider a checkerboard with...Ch. 3.5 - Write an argument that is an example of circulus...Ch. 3.5 - Give an example of an argument that is a fallacy...Ch. 3.5 - Write an argument that is an example of a fallacy...Ch. 3.5 - Write an argument that is an example of a fallacy...Ch. 3.5 - Algebraic arguments often consist of a list of...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write each argument...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Use the indicated letters to write the argument in...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use a sequence of valid arguments to show that...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Use all of the premises to determine a valid...Ch. 3.5 - Recreational Logic Arc You Smarter Than a 5th...Ch. 3.5 - An Argument by Lewis Carroll The following...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Solve the following cryptarithms. Assume that no...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Use all of the premises in each argument to...Ch. 3.6 - Examine the following three premises: 1. All...Ch. 3.6 - Examine the following three premises: 1. All...Ch. 3.6 - LSAT Practice Problem The following exercise is...Ch. 3.6 - Bilateral Diagrams Lewis Carroll s method of...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement....Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write each sentence in symbolic form. Represent...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each quantified statement....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of the statement given...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement. [...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Make use of Dc Morgans laws to write the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to show that the given pairs of...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the given...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Identify the antecedent and the consequent of each...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write each conditional statement in its equivalent...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each conditional statement...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Every...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Being...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. I could...Ch. 3 - Write each statement in If p, then q form. Being...Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - What is the inverse of the contrapositive of pq?Ch. 3 - Use the contrapositive of the following statement...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Determine the original statement if the given...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or invalid...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use an Euler diagram to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each sentence is a statement. a....Ch. 3 - Write the negation of each statement. Start each...Ch. 3 - Determine whether each statement is true or false....Ch. 3 - Determine the truth value of each statement given...Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Construct a truth table for the given statement....Ch. 3 - Use one of De Morgans laws to write the following...Ch. 3 - What is a tautology?Ch. 3 - Write pq in its equivalent disjunctive form.Ch. 3 - Determine whether the given statement is true or...Ch. 3 - Write the a. converse, b. inverse, and c....Ch. 3 - 12. Write the symbolic form of direct reasoning.Ch. 3 - Write the symbolic form of transitive reasoning.Ch. 3 - Write the symbolic form of contrapositive...Ch. 3 - 15. Write the symbolic form of the fallacy of the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Use a truth table to determine whether the...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...Ch. 3 - Determine whether the argument is valid or...

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Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Writing a Vector-Valued Function In Exercises 13-16, represent the line segment from Pto Qby a vector-valued fu...

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

For Problems 79-99, answer the question with an algebraic expression. Objective 3 Milas monthly salary is d dol...

Intermediate Algebra

Combining Logarithmic Expressions Use the Laws of Logarithms to combine the expression. 51. 2 log x 3 log(x + ...

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

If the following scores are placed in a frequency distribution table, then what is the frequency value correspo...

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

92-105 Evaluate the integral. x+1x2+2xdx

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

The second directional derivative of f(x, y) is Du2f(x, y) = Du[Du f(x, y)] If f(x, y) = x3 + 5x2y + y3 and u=3...

Multivariable Calculus

SW You are the head of an agency seeking funding for a program to reduce unemployment among teenage males. Nati...

Essentials Of Statistics

Suppose that blood chloride concentration (mmol/L) has a normal distribution with mean 104 and standard deviati...

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Simulate the results of tossing a fair die 18 times. Repeat the simulation. Are the results the same? Did you e...

Understanding Basic Statistics

Express the function in the form f g. 47. v(t) = sec(t2) tan(t2)

Single Variable Calculus

Finding Values In Exercises 21 and 22, find the value(s) of x such that the distance between the points is 5. (...

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Prove the formula for (d/dx)(cos1x) by the same method as for (d/ dx)(sin1).

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

Evaluate the limit, if it exists. limx3x2+3xx2x12

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

In Exercises 1520, simplify the expression. 20. 81x5y1039xy23

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Write each number in decimal form: 567106

Elementary Technical Mathematics

As increases from 0 to 90, the value of cos tends toward what number?

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

In O,OY=5 and XZ=6. If XWWY, find WZ.

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Calculate the assessed value and the property tax due on the following properties. FairMarketValue95,500Assessm...

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

26. Suppose is a finite set with distinct elements given by . Assume that is closed under an associative bina...

Elements Of Modern Algebra

Sketch the region enclosed by the given curves and find its area. y = cos x, y = 2 cos x, 0 x 2

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

In Exercises 15-20, let S be any sample space, and let E, F, and G be any three events associated with the expe...

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences

Proof Use the definitions of increasing and decreasing functions to prove that f(x)=1x is decreasing on (0,).

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Does a right circular cone such as a wizards cap have a symmetry with respect to at least one plane? b symmetry...

Elementary Geometry for College Students

Slope Field In Exercises 6772, use a computer algebra system to (a) graph the slope field for the differential ...

Calculus of a Single Variable

Express each value as a percent. 19. 0.0002

Mathematics For Machine Technology

The effect of a restricted diet in the treatment of autistic children was examined in the paper Gluten, Milk Pr...

Introduction To Statistics And Data Analysis

Fill in the blanks. The formula _______________________ gives the distance in feetthat an object will fall in t...

College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

The range of f(x) = tan1 x is: a) [2,2] b) (2,2) c) (0,2) d) all reals

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Comparing VectorsIn Exercises 2126, determine whether u and v are orthogonal, parallel, or neither. u=4,3 v=12,...

Multivariable Calculus

True or False:
a × b is a vector in the plane formed by vectors a and b.

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

Define research strategy, research design, and research procedures, and describe the choices and decisions invo...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Comcast Corporation is the largest cable television company, the second largest Internet service provider, and ...

Statistics for Business & Economics, Revised (MindTap Course List)

Describe the three primary techniques for controlling extraneous variables (holding constant, matching, and ran...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

The Toyota Camry is one of the best-selling cars in North America. The cost of a previously owned Camry depends...

STATISTICS F/BUSINESS+ECONOMICS-TEXT

In the following exercises, you will explore some of your calculators graphing capabilities. Answers are not gi...

Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey

Let L be the language consisting of all strings of the form an , where n=m2 , for some positive integer m. Show...

Discrete Mathematics With Applications

Rate of Change In Exercises 91 and 92, you are given the dollar value of a product in 2016 and the rate at whic...

College Algebra

Finding Parallel Lines Find the equation of the line parallel to y=3x+4 and passing through the point (1,5).

Functions and Change: A Modeling Approach to College Algebra (MindTap Course List)

Prescription Drug Costs. Annual expenditure for prescription drugs was $838 per person in the Northeast of the ...

Essentials Of Statistics For Business & Economics

Implicit Differentiation In Exercises 63 and 64, use implicit differentiation to find dy/dx. xey10x+3y=0

Calculus (MindTap Course List)