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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

What are the six major types of connective tissue in vertebrates?

Summary Introduction

To review:

Six main types of connective tissue found in vertebrates.

Introduction:

Connective tissues play a major role in connecting the different body parts. They also provide support and protection to the body. The connective tissues are hard or soft based on the composition of the extracellular matrix and the density of cells.

Explanation

The different types of connective tissue are loose connective tissue, cartilage, bone, dense connective tissue, blood, and adipose tissue. These are described below:

1. The dense irregular connective tissue is found throughout the body especially in the deep skin layers. It is made up of fibroblast and matrix fibers. The dense connective tissue forms ropelike structures, such as tendons and ligaments. The skeletal muscles are attached to bones by tendons, which give strong support to prevent muscles from pulling away from the bones. Ligaments also connect the joints but contain more elastic fibers, allowing stretching of the joint while maintaining joint congruency.

2. The loose connective tissues are made up of fibroblast surrounded by elastin and collagen fibers forming a matrix composed of glycoprotein. Its function is to hold organs at their proper positions, provide elasticity and offer protection.

3. The bones provide a framework to the body organs for attachment, like muscles...

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