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Single Variable Calculus: Early Tr...

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305270336

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Single Variable Calculus: Early Tr...

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305270336
Textbook Problem

For any normal distribution, find the probability that the random variable lies within two standard deviations of the mean.

To determine

To find: The probability that the random variable lies within two standard deviations of the mean.

Explanation

Given information:

The function is normal distribution.

Calculation:

Show the probability density function for normal distribution as follows.

f(x)=1σ2πe(xμ)22σ2 (1)

Consider the standard means for normal distributions are μ2σ and μ+2σ .

Find the probability density that the random variable lies within two standard deviations of the mean P(μ2σXμ+2σ) as shown below.

P(μ2σXμ+2σ)=μ2σμ+2σ1σ2πe(xμ)22σ2dx (2)

Consider t=xμσ (3)

Differentiate both sides of the Equation.

dt=1σdx

Calculate the lower limit of t using Equation (3).

Substitute μ2σ for x in Equation (3)

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