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Providing for doubtful accounts At the end of the current year, the accounts receivable account has a debit balance of $6,800,000 and sales for the year total $81,500,000. Determine the amount of the adjusting entry to provide for doubtful accounts under each of the following assumptions: a. The allowance account before adjustment has a debit balance of $68,250. Bad debt expense is estimated at ¾ of 1% of sales. b. The allowance account before adjustment has a debit balance of $68,250. An aging of the accounts in the customer ledger indicates estimated doubtful accounts of $575,000. c. The allowance account before adjustment has a credit balance of $45,000. Bad debt expense is estimated at ½ of 1% of sales. d. The allowance account before adjustment has a credit balance of $45,000. An aging of the accounts in the customer ledger indicates estimated doubtful accounts of $450,000.

BuyFind

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337272094
BuyFind

Accounting

27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337272094

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 9, Problem 9.6EX
Textbook Problem

Providing for doubtful accounts

At the end of the current year, the accounts receivable account has a debit balance of $6,800,000 and sales for the year total $81,500,000. Determine the amount of the adjusting entry to provide for doubtful accounts under each of the following assumptions:

  1. a. The allowance account before adjustment has a debit balance of $68,250. Bad debt expense is estimated at ¾ of 1% of sales.
  2. b. The allowance account before adjustment has a debit balance of $68,250. An aging of the accounts in the customer ledger indicates estimated doubtful accounts of $575,000.
  3. c. The allowance account before adjustment has a credit balance of $45,000. Bad debt expense is estimated at ½ of 1% of sales.
  4. d. The allowance account before adjustment has a credit balance of $45,000. An aging of the accounts in the customer ledger indicates estimated doubtful accounts of $450,000.

Expert Solution

(a)

To determine

Allowance method:

It is a method for accounting bad debt expense, where amount of uncollectible accounts receivables are estimated and recorded at the end of particular period. Under this method, bad debts expenses are estimated and recorded prior to the occurrence of actual bad debt, in compliance with matching principle by using the allowance for doubtful account.

Two methods to estimate uncollectible accounts under allowance method are:

  1. 1. Percentage of sales method, and
  2. 2. Analysis of receivables method.

Percentage of sales method:

Credit sales are recorded by debiting (increasing) accounts receivable account. The bad debts is a loss incurred out of credit sales, hence uncollectible accounts can be estimated as a percentage of credit sales or total sales.

It is a method of estimating the bad debts (expected loss on extending credit), by multiplying the expected percentage of uncollectible with the total amount of net credit sale (or total sales) for a specific period. Under percentage of sales method, estimated bad debts would be treated as a bad debt expense of the particular period.

Analysis of receivables method:

A method of determining the estimated uncollectible receivables based on the age of individual accounts receivable is known as analysis of receivables method. This method is otherwise known as aging of receivables method. Under analysis of receivables method, estimated bad debts would be treated as the desired adjusted balance for allowance for doubtful accounts.

Allowance for doubtful account is a contra asset account, whose normal balance is a credit balance.

To determine: The amount of the adjusting entry to provide for doubtful accounts under each assumption.

Explanation of Solution

Since bad debts are estimated under percentage of sales method, the determined amount of $611,25...

Expert Solution

(b)

To determine
The amount of the adjusting entry for doubtful accounts, if estimated doubtful accounts under aging of receivables method is $575,000.

Expert Solution

(c)

To determine
The amount of the adjusting entry for doubtful accounts, if bad debts are estimated at 1/2 of 1% of sales.

Expert Solution

(d)

To determine
The amount of the adjusting entry for doubtful accounts, if estimated doubtful accounts under aging of receivables method is $450,000.

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Chapter 9 Solutions

Accounting
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Ch. 9 - Direct write-off method Journalize the following...Ch. 9 - Direct write-off method Journalize the following...Ch. 9 - Allowance method Journalize the following...Ch. 9 - Allowance method Journalize the following...Ch. 9 - Percent of sales method At the end of the current...Ch. 9 - Percent of sales method At the end of the current...Ch. 9 - Analysis of receivables method At the end of the...Ch. 9 - Analysis of receivables method At the end of the...Ch. 9 - Note receivable Lundquist Company received a...Ch. 9 - Note receivable Prefix Supply Company received a...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Classifications of receivables Boeing is one of...Ch. 9 - Nature of uncollectible accounts MGM Resorts...Ch. 9 - Entries for uncollectible accounts, using direct...Ch. 9 - Entries for uncollectible receivables, using...Ch. 9 - Entries to write off accounts receivable Quantum...Ch. 9 - Providing for doubtful accounts At the end of the...Ch. 9 - Number of days past due Toot Auto Supply...Ch. 9 - Aging of receivables schedule The accounts...Ch. 9 - Estimating allowance for doubtful accounts...Ch. 9 - Adjustment for uncollectible account Using data in...Ch. 9 - Estimating doubtful accounts Performance Bike Co....Ch. 9 - Entry for uncollectible accounts Using the data in...Ch. 9 - Entries for bad debt expense under the direct...Ch. 9 - Entries for bad debt expense under the direct...Ch. 9 - Effect of doubtful accounts on net income During...Ch. 9 - Effect of doubtful accounts on net income Using...Ch. 9 - Entries for bad debt expense under the direct...Ch. 9 - Entries for bad debt expense under the direct...Ch. 9 - Determine due date and interest on notes Determine...Ch. 9 - Entries for notes receivable Spring Designs ...Ch. 9 - Entries for notes receivable The series of five...Ch. 9 - Entries for notes receivable, including year-end...Ch. 9 - Entries for receipt and dishonor of note...Ch. 9 - Entries for receipt and dishonor of notes...Ch. 9 - Receivables on the balance sheet List any errors...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover Use the data in...Ch. 9 - Entries related to uncollectible accounts The...Ch. 9 - Aging of receivables; estimating allowance for...Ch. 9 - Compare two methods of accounting for...Ch. 9 - Details of notes receivable and related entries...Ch. 9 - Notes receivable entries The following data relate...Ch. 9 - Sales and notes receivable transactions The...Ch. 9 - Entries related to uncollectible accounts The...Ch. 9 - Aging of receivables; estimating allowance for...Ch. 9 - Compare two methods of accounting for...Ch. 9 - Details of notes receivable and related entries...Ch. 9 - Notes receivable entries The following data relate...Ch. 9 - Sales and notes receivable transactions The...Ch. 9 - Ethics in Action Bud Lighting Co. is a retailer of...Ch. 9 - Ethics in Action Bev Wynn, vice p resident of...Ch. 9 - Communication On January 1, Xtreme Co. began...Ch. 9 - Estimate uncollectible accounts For several years,...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...Ch. 9 - Accounts receivable turnover and days sales in...

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