A Brief Note On Tribal Livelihoods And Tribal Communities

1017 Words Mar 13th, 2016 5 Pages
Tribal Livelihoods
In India, the tribal communities have conventionally lived in about 15 percent of the country’s geographical area, mainly forests, hills, and the undulating inaccessible terrain in the plateau, rich in natural resources. However, due to change in natural resources like land, forests and forest products, tribal livelihood has been affected. In the process of industrialization and urbanization, tribal communities and their livelihood gets affected. Natural resources in tribal belt have been destroyed by the private sector as well as government intervention. In the name of development, the government has acquired tribal land under the special economic zone act for industrial development. In the projects of constructing dams, which mainly are planned by the government, mostly tribal land and their natural resources have affected and community traditional assets have disappeared.

All such innovations by nontribal agencies affect the tribal community and their livelihood. By such replications, the tribal population started to migrate to urban areas for labor work. In such kind of assimilation and integrated process tribal life gets affected. In addition, government schemes and programs of poverty reduction have failed in the scheduled area. On the other side, agricultural modernization, urbanization, and infrastructural development have led to the creation of new employment opportunities. So, the tribes get diversification from agriculture, the economy of…
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