A Doll 's House not only explains Ibsen’s view on the topic of women and marriage, but tastefully and subtly provides a new opinion for the reader: that women were just as powerful as men. The play tells the story of the life of a wealthy family in Norway in the 1870 's. The play specifically follows the lives of Nora and Torvald Helmer and friends. The opening scene por-trays Nora entering their residence on Christmas Eve, returning home after shopping with maca-roons. When Torvald enters, scolding Nora for wasting money on them. It is revealed that they have had problems with money in the past even though that Torvald recently gained the position of a new, highly paying job at the bank. When Torvald reminds her to budget her spending …show more content…
He sees Dr. Rank as he is leaving and Rank insults him. Krogstad wastes no time and insists in speaking to Nora. It is now revealed that he is the source of money for her loans. He asks if his job is in danger because of the possibility that Kristine would take his position. He threatens to tell Torvald that Nora forged her father 's signature for the money if she doesn 't secure his job. Torvald arrives and sees Krogstad upon his departure, and questions Nora about it. She changes the subject and asks what Krogstad did to have everyone hate him so much, and to have such a terrible reputation. Torvald explains that he forges signatures and that it 's not morally correct, and adds that lying can ruin a person. Act Two begins on Christmas morning with Nora in distress about the situation involving Krogstad. Kristine agrees to fix her dress for the festivities that day and in conversation asks if Dr. Rank is the source of her loans. Nora denies and mentions that he is sick with a terrible dis-ease. Nora is then left alone with Torvald and takes this opportunity to ask if he would save Krogstad 's job. He explains that Kristine would, in fact, take his job. A flustered Torvald leaves for his study when Dr. Rank enters to talk to Nora. She flirts with him and he professes his love for her, but also admits that he is dying. Krogstad receives the message that he had been fired and immediately goes to scold
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When Torvald finds her hairpin stuck in the keyhole of the letter box, Nora tells him it must have been their children trying to get into it, not willing to admit that she had tried to break into his things. Although the truth about her is about to be discovered, Nora wants to preserve the last bits of dignity that she has left, finally worrying about herself before anyone else. This last lie however, leads up to her finally speaking the truth and expressing that she no longer feels that she loves Torvald. Her husband is furious at her, insulting her, and fails to see that every lie that she told was for his sake. Realizing that Torvald can’t see her side of things and will only find fault in what she did, she comes to her decision to leave her family. Nora states that she is not happy and never really was, her marriage to Torvald was as fakes as a doll house according to her. Rather than lie, she is completely honest now and states that she wants to become her own person and learn that which she doesn’t know despite what society might think.
Deborah Tannen Author of “Sex, Lies and Conversation” says “Men tend to talk less at home and this pattern is wreaking havoc with marriage” (Tannen, Sex, Lies and Conversation:1) also says “If their husbands don’t adapt, the wives may look to their friends or family for that kind of talk” (Tannen, Sex, Lies and Conversation:3). In the play we can see, Dr. Rank a close friend of Torvald visits almost every day in their house. He knows Nora never gets enough accompany from her husband and takes that advantage to get more close with her. He is the first person ever to tell Nora that there are others who can easily give up their life for her and made her to realize how important she can be. Interestingly, Nora welcomes Dr. Rank and says “I always have an hour to spare (Ibsen 870)”. In fact, her relationship with Dr. Rank helps us to understand that there definitely lies a distance between Torvald and Nora. For Nora, Dr. Rank is the only person she is able to reveal her true self. Nora feels she can speak with Dr. Rank in a way she can never speak to Torvald. She could also talk more seriously with Rank and by the same time feels so relieve around him. Dr. Rank also is the most important character for Nora's transformation who acted as an adviser for her, helps her to realize her personal feelings. On other side, Nils Krogstad, Torvald's childhood friend
Krogstad’s behavior and motives are based on the fact that he does not want to lose his job at the bank where Nora’s husband Torvald manages. In a desperate attempt to keep his job and spare his children from hardship, he uses Nora to influence her husband. Her attempts to save Krogstad’s job fail because Torvald is convinced that Krogstad is a liar and a cheat and he will not jeopardize his moral character or be swayed by his wife. He states, “Do you think I’m going to make myself look ridiculous in front of my whole staff, and let people think I can be pushed around by all sorts of outside influence?” (1624)
Ibsen 's play A Doll 's House centers on a stereotypical and comfortable family in the nineteenth century which, outwardly, has the appearance of respectability to which any audience can relate. There are many indicators that reveal that this family upholds a false image, such as the symbolic title “A Doll 's House". Nora is introduced as a "little Spendthrift" (p 6), which foreshadows future tension in her relationship. Torvald believes she is spending money frivolously, but she has actually secretly borrowed money to save his life, and is using the money he gives her to pay back her debt.
A Doll 's House by Henrik Ibsen, is a play that has been written to withstand all time. In this play Ibsen highlights the importance of women’s rights. During the time period of the play these rights were neglected. Ibsen depicts the role of the woman was to stay at home, raise the children and attend to her husband during the 19th century. Nora is the woman in A Doll House who plays is portrayed as a victim. Michael Meyers said of Henrik Ibsen 's plays: "The common denominator in many of Ibsen 's dramas is his interest in individuals struggling for and authentic identity in the face of social conventions. This conflict often results in his characters ' being divided between a sense of duty to themselves and their responsibility to others." All of the aspects of this quote can be applied to the play A Doll House, in Nora Helmer 's character, who throughout much of the play is oppressed, presents an inauthentic identity to the audience and throughout the play attempts to discovery her authentic identity.
When Krogstad threatens to expose the truth, Nora must use her craftiness to distract Torvald and sway him into letting Krogstad keep his job. Unfortunately, she is not able to change his mind, but she does succeed in diverting his suspicions of her motives. She praises him and lulls him into a false sense of security by telling him that "[n]o one has such good taste as [he has]" and then goes on to ask him if he could "take [her] in hand and decide what [she is] to go as" for the dance. She confesses to him that she "can't do anything without [him] to help [her]". These statements lead him to believe that he is the one to "rescue" her, when it is in fact Nora who is trying to rescue him from dishonour. Later on, when Krogstad puts a letter in Torvald's mail, explaining everything that Nora has done, Nora uses her charms once more. She pretends that she has forgotten the tarantella so that Torvald will spend all his time with her and think nothing of the mail that awaits him. Nora truly believes that by deceiving her husband, she is protecting him from worry. Because of Nora's deception, the person that Torvald believes her to be is quite different from the person she actually is. He believes that she is a "spendthrift," infatuated by expensive things when in reality, she saves her money to pay back Krogstad and buys cheap clothing and gifts. Torvald
Nils Krogstad, the play's antagonist, uses some serious villainous tactics over the course of the play. He tries to threaten and blackmail Nora, into getting his job back. Nora borrowed money from Krogstad but used a fake signature. Krogstad found out and is now about to lose his job. “...if I lose my position a second time, you shall lose yours with me.” (Krogstad 30) Krogstad has figured if he can blackmail Nora, then he can keep his job and she can keep her family.
As Nora explains, "Torvald can 't bear to see dress making going on." Torvald does not want to see Nora as an independent and rebellious woman. Her true self is quite different to what she portrays, yet she continuously plays this character that Torvald will agree with. Torvald later forgives Nora for bringing up the topic of Krogstad employment: "because it is such eloquent witness to your great love for me." This clearly shows that their relationship is ruled by the more powerful character.
In “A Doll’s House” by Henrik Ibsen Nora’s character has traits’ of a narcissistic person. You can see these traits through her actions throughout the story. In the article “A Psychoanalytic Reading of Nora” written by Carol S. Tufts states values of a narcissistic personality one of these are “Grandiose sense of self- importance and uniqueness….” Nora can relate to this because when she decides to leave her family to go find her self, she is displaying this notion of self-importance. Nora also shows this when Dr. Rank confesses his love for Nora, when he is about to die and she gets upset with him because she needed his help and now she feels that she can-not take advantage of him.
In Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, humanism is shown through every single word and every single detail. A Doll’s House centers on humanism, because it demonstrates the search for identity, living up to societal standards, and believing that men and women are equal. A Doll’s House is bursting with symbolism through imagery and irony, which represent the oppression and polemic view of the individual from society. These symbols successfully illustrate the conflicts and transformation of each of the characters.
Krogstad who is a low level worker at the bank where Torvald works is aware of the her actions and she even has evidence of her transactions, when he realizes that Torvald who is his superior intends to fire him, he tries to blackmail Nora into using her influence over her husband to prevent his dismissal. Nora agrees to try but Torvald does not take her seriously as usual and insists of firing him, she realizes that Krogstad would probably reveal her secret and this greatly traumatizes her. Krogstad presses her further after the dismissal and demands that she not only has her husband reinstate but promote him as well. However, Torvald is adamant and lashes out at her for pursuing the matter while Krogstad put her in an impossible situation by making demands that she had no power to fulfill. She attempts make Krogstad to
Krogstad feels threatened by her influence because she can be the pivotal deciding factor in whether or not he keeps his job. Nevertheless, Krogstad tries to turn her influence to benefit himself by threatening to reveal her crime if she does not help him to keep his job. This backfires on Krogstad when two women, Nora and Mrs. Linde, manipulate Krogstad into feeling obstinate and therefore he promises never to tell anyone of what Nora has done. Nora's power helped her to remain protected throughout the entire play.
After having used Krogstad to get what she needed, yet another issue arose. Krogstad turned on Nora once his position at the bank was on the line, and used her borrowing against her for his own good. “Niles Krogstad is also Mrs. Linde’s former crush, and he tries to redeem himself of his crimes of forgery by raising his children” (Rosefeldt).
Later in the play things start getting complicated for Nora. Her husband Torvald had become Mr. Krogstad boss at work, and Torvald wanted to fire Mr. Krogstad. This is when Mr. Krogstad starts to blackmail Nora. He wants Nora to stop Torvald from firing him. If she does not, Mr. Krogstad was going to tell Torvald her secret. This should have been the perfect time for Nora to tell the truth to her husband, but she believed that telling Torvald the truth will ruin their relationship. Nora says to her friend Mrs. Linde “Torvald, with all his masculine pride – how painfully humiliating for him if he ever found out he was in debt to me. That would ruin our relationship. Our beautiful, happy home would never be the same” (Iben 802)