Addiction : The Moral Model Of Addiction

2483 Words Oct 19th, 2016 10 Pages
Part A
How does the disease model of addiction differ from the moral model of addiction?
The disease model of addiction and the moral model of addiction provide completely different explanation for the tendency of substance abuse. The disease model of addiction predates to 1784 when the American physician Benjamin Rush published a pamphlet which discussed alcoholism in medical terms and outlined treatments for what he considered was a “disease” (Atkins, 2014, p. 52). This model of addiction generally argues that it is not the individuals fault for their addiction to drugs and that not all, but some people, will inevitably become addicts in the future (p. 52). Inversely, the moral model of addiction does not view addiction as something that an individual “cannot control,” rather this model looks at addiction as something that an individual can certainly control but that the individual does not chose to because of “weak moral character” (p.52). Although both of these models have been, and still are, widely applied to other substances, the most common substance that it was used was for alcohol.
In the early 20th century, proponent of the moral model of addiction highly influenced drug policy in the United States. In the early 20th century many states banned the consumption and sell of alcohol, and eventually the 18th amendment banning the consumption, sell, and distribution of alcohol was enacted. The influence of the moral model of addiction can be also seen in other drugs…
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