Addiction With Substance Addiction

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Addiction is a term used to describe the continued or compulsive use of a substance or engaging in an activity that provides a pleasurable experience, despite the interference or negative effects it poses on an individual and their responsibilities (PsychologyToday, 2017). Addiction involves the brains reward, motivation and memory circuit (American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2017). Dysfunction within these circuits leads to the pathological response of pursing reward from a substance or other behaviours (American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2017). Two of the main commonly known addictions are to alcohol and psychoactive substances; however, addiction also encompasses a variety of behaviours such as eating, sex, shopping and gambling (PsychologyToday, 2017). In this paper I will explore the complex health challenge substance addiction, how the concepts resilience hardiness and vulnerability relate to substance addiction, at risk individuals and explore resources available for individuals who suffer with this chronic disease.
In the past, “substance abuse” and “substance dependence” were two different categories in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a manual used to aid health care providers in diagnosing and understanding mental illness (Casey, 2017). Recently, the manual has combined the two categories into one “substance use disorder”. Substance use disorder encompasses “hazardous use of a substance causing social or legal problems and
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