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Adequate Observation Report

Decent Essays
In experiment 1, the participants responded quicker and more accurately to the target letter, while ignoring the unambiguous distractors. There was a faster response time when the distractors were neutral compared to when the distractors were incongruent in the letter condition, but not in the digit condition. Furthermore, in the letters condition, the participants saw the ambiguous distractors as letters (S and O), therefore making the distractors incongruent with the targets, leading to an increased response time. But, in the digits condition, the ambiguous S-5 was seen as the digit 5 and the ambiguous O-0 was seen as the digit 0. These constitute the neutral distractors that were unrelated to the targets, so no incongruence effect was present. Response times in incongruent trials for the letters and digits condition did not have any significant differences, which shows that the letters and digits had a similar level of processing difficulty (Avita-Cohen & Tsal, 2016).
The motivation behind experiment 2 was to confirm that the results from experiment 1 were from the ambiguous distractors rather than bias from either the letters or digits. In the second experiment, unambiguous letters in both the digits and letters conditions replaced the ambiguous distractors found in the first experiment. The letter D replaced O as the
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This theory explains the process of finding features in an attention search and the difficulty of conjunction searches. The human mind has mental maps that show the features in our visual field (Psych 240 Lecture, 9/18/16). In the research article discussed, in order to be able to distinguish the targets from the distractors, it was important for the participants to utilize this theory. Features of the letters and digits help the participant capture what letter or digit is required while avoiding the
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