Analysis Of ' Dante 's Inferno Essay

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It is evident that the presence of Muslims was prevailing in Europe in general and in the Iberian Peninsula, in the southern Italy, and in Sicily particularly. As a result, Islam had a great influence in the Middle Ages. Dante, however, regarded Islam and Muslims as odious because he saw them as a real threat to Europe as well as a rival religion to Christianity. Therefore, in the Divine Comedy, he placed five prominent figures and the Mosques in Hell. Because of such pitiless treatment, Dante is an Islamophobic.
Islamophobia is the hatred for Muslims because of their religion and beliefs. In Dante’s Inferno, particularly in (Cantos IV, VIII, and XXVIII), he offends Muslims and Islam. For instance, in Canto IV Dante places Averroes, Avicenna, and Saladin in Limbo, the first circle of Hell in which there is no punishment beyond their being separated from God forever, which of course means that their ultimate desires for God’s presence will never be satisfied.
Averroes was a great Arab philosopher from Cordoba who lived in the twelfth century. He was also a doctor, judge, astronomer, and mathematician. He is best known for his Commentary on Aristotle, as Dante points out: “Averroes, of the great Commentary” (Inferno, 4.144 [76]). Averroes’s ideas were assimilated by Siger of Brabant, Thomas Aquinas and many others (especially in the University of Paris) within the Christian Scholastic tradition, which valued Aristotelian logic.
Avicenna was an Islamic philosopher, doctor,
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