Analysis Of Homer 's The Odyssey

1636 Words Sep 24th, 2015 7 Pages
Literature is one of the most powerful and revealing aspects of a society. In ancient Greek society, Homer’s The Odyssey provides a detailed insight into the values of this intricate culture. In particular, this epic discusses the ways in which the deathless gods influence the fates of the mortals. The overall impact of the gods’ power is the mental straining that emerges from the unrelenting conflict of man versus immortal. Likewise, the actions and misfortunes of others also catalyze this extremely significant and powerful mental battle. Homer’s The Odyssey reveals the values of ancient Greece by portraying the intrapersonal struggles between a person’s self-determined honor and his/her worthiness in the eyes of the Gods. This underlying personal conflict defines many of the actions of the characters in the epic. The internal conflict concerning a man’s worthiness is largely influenced by the Gods’ actions. This struggle is highlighted when the Gods have clear intentions to hurt their victims directly. For instance, once the Cyclops uncovered Odysseus and his men’s cloak of darkness to the light of the cave’s surroundings, the Cyclops ferociously devoured two of Odysseus’ men. The Cyclops’ act of savageness led Odysseus and his men to “[fling their] arms out to Zeus, [they] wept and cried aloud, looking on at his grisly work – paralyzed, appalled” (Homer 220). As the Cyclops consumed two of Odysseus’ men, Odysseus felt vulnerable because he would have less comrades to…
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