The Adventure The Odyssey is one of many great stories passed down through time. The story is written in dactylic hextameter, opening up in the middle of all the action. Experts believe that it dates back to around 700 BC; placing the story about ten years after the Trojan War. The story is about Odysseus, King of Ithica, and his journey to get back to the land of Ithica. Throughout the story there are several themes including: power of the gods, hospitality, and the maturation of Telemachus from boy to man. Homer opens up the Odyssey by asking the muses for their guidance in telling his story. Odysseus has been gone for twenty years at the beginning of the story. He spent the first ten fighting in the Trojan war and he has spent the …show more content…
With Athena and Leucothea looking over Odysseus and safely makes it ashore. The next several books in the epic tell the story of how Odysseus makes his way home.
Odysseus receives some helpful advise from Hermes, messenger of the gods, that he must eat moly in oder to defeat Circe. Hermes’ advice worked and Odysseus deafeated Circe. Circe advises Odysseus to talk to Tiresias, but in order to do sohe muct sail to the Land of the Dead. Tiresias advises Odysseus to make sacrifices to Poseidon if he wanted to die in peace. He also told him not to harm the cattle of the Helios, the sun god, or his crew will die. Odysseus’ crew urges him to make a stop on the island of Thrinacia where they are stranded for month and quickly run out of supplies. The crew revolt against Odysseus’ wishes in not harming the cattle. The men even sacrifice some of the cattle which the gods are not happy about. Zeus, unhappy with Odysseus’ inability to follow orders, sends a storm so bad it kills everyone except Odysseus. Ten days after the storm, Odysseus ended up at Calypso Island where he was held prisoner for seven years. Meanwhile, the suitors in Ithica are devising a plan to assassinate Telemachus. Amphinomus calms everyones nerves and convinces everyone to wait till tomorrow to see if the gods had an opinion on the matter. The gods played a key role through the journey and before Odysseus battle, Zeus
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
The Odyssey by Homer is an epic poem consisting of 24 books that share individual stories. The Odyssey tells a story of Odysseus, son of Laertes, known as a Great hero. Odysseus fought in the Trojan War for ten years and it took another ten years for him to return home to his grieving wife Penelope and son Telemakhos. Throughout the poem, Odysseus and Penelope go through pain, hardships, and sacrifices always showing their heroic qualities of courage and wits.
Chapter 12- Odysseus’s story continues with Odysseus burying Elpenor, where Circe tells him what to do. Then, he goes through the Sirens song and Scylla with his crew. Afterwards, the Sun makes Zeus punish Odysseus, which he does, by destroying his ship. Odysseus ends the story with him reaching Ogygia.
Ten years after the fall of Troy, Odysseus a great hero has yet to return to his home in Ithaca. It begins with Athena and Poseidon who helped the Greeks during the Trojan War. Athena turned against the Greeks and convinces Poseidon to do the same. The Greeks are hit by storms on the way home and many ships are destroyed and the fleet is scattered. The war and his distress at sea keep Odysseus away from Ithaca for twenty years.
As he is sailing he is greeted by a goddess, Athena, and she becomes his guardian. He then sails to an island and is trapped by the goddess Calypso for seven years until Hermes comes to the island and tells her to let him go. He ends up going to another island and is trapped in a Cyclop’s cave. He pokes the Cyclop’s eye out and escapes the island. He ends up sailing away with his men and ends up on the island of Circe, a powerful witch, she turns all of his men into animals. Odysseus is given a flower so that he cannot be turned into an animal. He is told that he must go to the land of the dead and offer many things. He does what he is told then he is left to set sail again. They get back into the open sea and are attacked by Sirens, and murdered by the Scylla and Charybdis. He finally makes it home to Ithaca and he sees his son, his son helps him get into the castle. They suitors for Penelope are given a task to shoot an arrow through 12 ax holes. He then reveals himself as Odysseus and eliminates all of the suitors. He then goes to Penelope and reveals himself to her.As we go through life we are determined and always want to go back home to people we love. No matter how long it takes you, you will always want to go back to your loved
The basic premise of The Odyssey is Odysseus’ journey back home. After the Trojan War and battling many obstacles, Odysseus is trapped in the island of Ogygia for seven years with the nymph Calypso. Back home, Odysseus’ wife Penelope is swarmed by suitors trying to wed her.
The Odyssey is a a beautiful Epic about a man who has hope through his entire journey.When we see him on Calypso he has been to sea for a while, while he wants to go home he continues to go to her bed each night,however regrets it in the morning.One part about this journey that sticks out is why its taking so long.It wouldn't have taken this long is he didn't poke out Poseidon's son (Polyphemus) eye,which let to the Polyphemus praying that Odysseus does return home he just happens to return home alone through treacherous journey.This led to the twenty year journey.
Homer’s “The Odyssey” takes place ten years after the events in “The Iliad”, to which the Odyssey is an indirect sequel, and the fall of Troy; even though the story is believed to have been composed some time during the eight century B.C.E. it is estimated to be set sometime between 1300 and 1000 B.C.E. in Mycenaean Greece during the Bronze age. In this novel all Greek heroes have returned home after the fall of Troy, except for Odysseus who after a three year journey has been held captive by the goddess Calypso, who has fallen in love with him, on her island, Ogygia. After the ten years have passed Odysseus is presumed dead, his wife Penelope is courted, and his estate is auctioned off by the Suitors, the young men of Ithaca who attempt to win Penelope’s favor and hand in marriage.
Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey takes place in and around ancient Greece near the time of the Trojan War. The protagonist is Odysseus, the guile hero and king of Ithaca. Just after his first son Telemachus was born, Odysseus is called to battle in the ten year long Trojan war. After the war, angry at his and his men’s hubris in battle, the gods made the return journey last ten harsh years. Meanwhile, growing up fatherless, Telemachus has to cautiously take charge of the hold, while staying loyal to Odysseus with their home filled with demanding suitors that woo his mother, Penelope. Although Telemachus acts with more caution and didn’t always have his father by his side, they both display loyalty and bravery as warriors in battle.
Loyalty Lives in Royalty Odysseus’ beautiful wife, Penelope, explains, “Young men, my suitors, now that King Odysseus is no more, go slowly, keen as you are to marry me, until, I can finish this web” (Homer 96). Homer, the author of The Odyssey, displays Penelope’s intelligence by revealing her sagacious plan about the shroud. Secretly, she unweaves the shroud every night to prevent herself from getting married to one of the suitors, whilst waiting upon the return of Odysseus. The event proves Penelope’s loyalty to her husband, even while the protagonist remains lost at sea. In addition to Penelope’s loyalty, Telemachus fights beside his father against the suitors and Athena guides Odysseus home.
Once they passed they passed the cliffs they came to Helios island.Odysseus told his men he knew they were tried but they had to keep going.Eurlochos stood up demanding they stop and rest also to eat.Odysseus said okay but he made his men promise not to touch Helios’s cattle and sheep.After one month the men ran out of food and they were starving.His men decided to kill some of Helios’s cattle.When Helios found out he was furios and prayed to Zeus asking him to kill them Zeus said he would strike a lighnighing bolt down on Odysseus ship.So Zeus had done it.Odysseus’s men were all dead he no longer had a boat and he was now the only surviver.Odysseus made a raft and went into Charybdis’s base she took in water and spat it out.Odysseus held on to a tree while the raft went in.Odysseus had prayed to the gods until they brought him to Calypso island.In this ponit of the story stops because Alkinoos had already known of his time with the
The Odyssey is an epic poem that is taken place after the Trojan War. Odysseus and his men were sailing from Troy to Ithica. The trip lasted 10 years and they had some positives and negatives. So even though they had their ups and downs, throughout the adventure they learned many lessons throughout their journey to Ithica. As Odysseus home from Troy, he changes physically and mentally as he learns the following lessons: cunning overpowers physical strength giving into temptations has negative effects, and loyalty and perseverance are heroic and admirable.
The odyssey, Homer's epic which documents Odysseus and his, give or take 20years struggle to return home after the Trojan War. Odysseus battles mythological creatures and fights against the wrath of gods like Poseidon, his wife Penelope and his son Telemacus turn away all other suitors looking for his mother's hand in marriage and defend his throne in Ithaca and at the same time anticipating Odysseus return home.
As Telemachus tracks Odysseus' trail through stories from his old Comrades- in- arm, Athena arranges for the release of Odysseus from the Island of the beautiful goddess Calypso, whose prisoner and lover he has been for the last seven years. Odysseus sets sail on a makeshift raft, but the sea god Poseidon, whose wrath Odysseus incurred earlier in his adventure by blinding Poseidon's son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, conjures up a storm. With Athena's help Odysseus reaches the Phaeacians. Their princess, Nausicaa, who has a crush on the handsome warrior, opens the palace to the stranger. Odysseus withholds his identity for as long as he can until finally, at the Phaeacians' request, he tells the story of his adventures.
Homer's epic tale The Odyssey is a story of the triumphs and downfalls that are in store for one warrior's long pillage home. Odysseus, the hero from the Trojan wars, has led his people of Ithaca and other Achaean soldiers to victory and now wishes to return home to his wife and family of Ithaca. Through his twenty year journey Odysseus is often tested not only of his physical strength, but his wits as well. The many accomplishments he achieved earned him great status and recognition throughout ancient Greece. The mistakes he made caused the deaths of many men. Consequently, we as readers are able to see the many personas that Odysseus carries with him.