Decline and Fall of Rome
History of Western Civilization 1 HIEU 201
April 11, 2013
Professor Philip Brown
History of Western Civilization 1 HIEU 201
April 11, 2013
Decline and Fall of Rome When you think of Rome, you think of a super power that rose from a small civilization into an Empire that stretched from Italy down to North Africa. Over the time period of 500 years, the leaders of Rome conquered city by city to reach their greatness. Though it took 500 years for Rome to accomplish this task, it took only 100 years for it to fall. During those 100 years, Rome would be plagued with economic turmoil, inner betrayal, social issues, and a diminishing military. When Marcus Aurelius died in A.D. 180, the Empire was …show more content…
Much of the upper class drifted away from spiritual practices, but that was not the case for the masses of peasants and slaves. The spread of mystery religions grew during the Hellenistic era. Slaves, soldiers, and merchants brought many religious cults westward from Persia, Babylon, Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor (Perry, 2009). The people of Rome paced their hope in mystical Gods to overcome the lack of hope in their lives. These mystical Gods gave the people of Rome a sense of belonging and most importantly a road to immortality. Political issues were another factor in the fall of Rome. As the Roman Empire spread down to the Persian Gulf, Rome still continued to operate their government as if they were a small city. The Roman Empire was designed to govern a city-state and not a large empire. Transportation issues plagued the government. They could not maintain the vast areas of their empire to provide food and supplies to their military. This caused the soldiers to become disloyal and their generals to form their own armies. These armies would take over small areas and establish their own empire. An empire with no control of their own army was destined to fall. Most of the funding for Rome came from taking over other countries. Before the fall, Rome had basically taken all the land that they could. This stopped a large portion of funding for the government. The power driven Emperor’s actually drove their own
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The Roman Empire fell of multiple reasons. Some say it was because leaders were corrupted or it was economic issues. The reasons that will be talked about further on are, surrounding cities invaded Rome, Christianity spread, and their borders became to hard to control.
The seemingly unstoppable Roman empire was certain to fall in a matter of time. Even though Rome was majorly affected by external attacks, I feel like the fall was because of the internal decline. The economy and social issues were the key factors that led to the descent of the large empire. A vast amount of their problems came from within the city. Every decision that Rome made had an extensive effect on the city itself and the rest of the world. Many foolish decisions made by terrible emperors weakened the city and eventually cause the many aspects of Roman life to crumble.
A second reason Rome fell was because of the natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis. For example, according to The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman empire, “. . . the Roman world was shaken by a violent and destructive earthquake . . .” (Doc. F)This illustrates that the earthquake that hit Rome destroyed just about all of their culture. This also illustrates that many people died and were injured. This is important because Rome was already falling, so the earthquake hitting made it even easier for the Roman empire to fall. This is also important because many Romans lost their houses so they had to move to find somewhere new to live and support their families, which made their population smaller. With the cities’ populations smaller it made less
Drinking age is not a strange phrase in our lives. Every time when we go to club or buy some liquor, we have to show our photo ID to prove that we have already 21 and we are legal to drink wine. I think this is a really good method to control drinking problem. Before I read these two articles which are “The 21-Year-Old Drinking Age: I Voted for it, It Doesn’t Work” by Dr. Morris E. Chafetz and “The Drinking Age of 21 Saves Lives” by Toben F. Nelson and Traci L. Toomey, I only felt that when people grow up they will have self-control to hold their desire for drinking and could decide whether it is appropriate to drink at that moment. I didn’t collect any data or information to support my opinion,
At one time, all of Rome was united by a common religion. This religion, commonly referred to as the Roman religion, was derived from the religion in Greece. Members of this religion, which included the majority, if not all, of the Roman citizens, worshiped many different gods, including the creator or father god, Jupiter, the sun god, Apollo, the god of inspiring wars, Mars, and many others as well. The popularity of this religion began to decline when Christianity arose. It appealed to the majority of the people, particularly the lower class and slaves, who now had something to put their hope and faith in. This religion spread rapidly, and Roman emperors felt that because it was so influential it would become a possible threat. These leaders began persecuting Christians, but many Romans had already committed to this religion and refused to abandon it because they viewed it as the most important part of their life. This led to a lack of patriotism in Roman citizens who then rejected politics and became independent of the government.
Some external factors that lead to the fall of Rome are plagues and decline in trade. Evidence of these two factors can be found in document 1. Evidence in document 1 can be found when it says, “There was a noticeable decline in trade and small industry and the labor shortage caused by the plague affected both the military recruiting and the economy. Armies were needed more than ever but financial struggles made it difficult to pay and enlist more soldiers.”.And this evidence shows that the plague and lack of trade, gave less money to Rome, which made them pay their soldier less, and gave less of a reason to join the military. Which then gave their armies less power, and made it easier to let attackers take land, kill Roman armies, and make Rome have less power, leading to the fall of Rome. Although the other external factor that lead to the fall of Rome was attackers, (raiders, Huns, etc). Evidence of this is in document 5. In document 5 it shows that “The visigoths raided Greece, killed Emperor Valens and took over south of Danube.” Also there were vandals who invaded Italy, conquered North Africa, and destroyed other parts of Rome. Which lead to the fall of Rome because there was chaos that allowed leaders to make bad decisions (such as exempting upper class from laws and diverting the army to churches). And allowed the leaders to be assassinated in midst of the chaos. And that made Rome’s land shrink and lose power without ; Emperor Valens and other Emperors being assassinated, raids in Balkan and Greece, the Visigoths taking and invading Italy, and raiding/ransacking Rome. And they [Visigoths] were able to take over and conquered North Africa and Carthage. And without those pieces of land and having to battle with the attackers attackers Rome lost power and
Another reason Rome fell is because of the destructive and violent disasters that happened. In (Doc F), in the year 366 AE there was a violent earthquake that left the shores of the Mediterranean Sea dry. This showed that the lack of water could mean less fishing and the lack of water could have created problems for people. Then there was a flood that wiped fifty thousand people away in the city of Alexandria alone. Next there was a plague that swept through Rome and sent their population from 1 million to 250,000 thousand people. (Doc F). This
The primary reason for the Fall of Rome was Economic and Social Problems in Rome. From 50 BCE until the year 200 CE the Roman Empire was the super power of the Mediterranean world. The Roman Empire was always growing but then the empire started to slowly fall apart. According to Document C, two reasons why Economic and Social Problems might be the primary reason for the Fall of Rome was that they were maintaining an army to defend the borders of the Empire.
The primary reasons for the fall of rome were, internal threats, external threats, and a lack of patriotism. One of the reasons for the “fall” of Rome was that they had many internal threats. Firstly, Julius Caesar and other emperors used inhumane actions to get what they wanted, this caused many civilians to disagree
One reason Rome fell was the economic problems and corruption. First of all, since the military was so weak, the leaders kept dying. Mostly of assassination. For example, in the chart in document A, 13 emperors were assassinated. Also a lot of the time the leaders would have bribed the military to stay loyal. The leaders, the people chose, had enemies. The enemies would assassinate them, and take their place. The leaders also made horrible decisions. The empire got weaker and weaker every leader. Everything kept changing. Since most of the leaders didn’t agree with what the other leader previously made legal. The laws were all over the place.
The primary reason I think caused the fall of Rome was the outside invaders. My reasoning for this is because when they tried to invade Rome, every invasion just kept chiseling away Rome little by little. So Rome weakened in population, and some structure may have been damaged as well. Another reason is the Huns. The Huns were a brutal, savage and barbaric tribe that was one of Rome’s many invaders. The Huns fought relentlessly against Rome with no mercy, which was a big part of the decline of Rome.
Ancient Rome fell for many reasons. This essay has focused on just three. One of them was that Rome had a corrupt government. Rome also had lots of natural forces disrupting them. Their military played a big part, too.
The most important for last, what I know is the main factor for the fall of Rome, is bad leadership. According to document A, there were 22 emperors in 50 years, most of them dying horribly (assassination, battle, etc.). Bad leadership brings up another main problem in the empire, Economic problems and corruption. The emperor's blew off gigantic amounts of money for parties and other useless things, instead of helping the dying empire. This lead to people taking “Justice” into their own
Rome was such a large powerful empire, so how did it fall? There were different things leading up to the fall of the Roman Empire, not just a singular cause. The main causes of the fall of the Roman Empire were being reliant foreign soldiers, constant change in emperors (unstable/unorganized government), and economic issues.
The Roman Empire was a vast territory that expanded to three different continents.They were a place of honor, tradition, and respect. Rome has had several different periods, some of peace, and some of violence or unrest, but those were solved quickly and effectively. However, such a magnificent empire could not hold up under the strains that were slowly causing it to collapse. Rome began to face many problems that together allowed the fall of the Roman Empire. The three main problems that caused Rome to fall were invasions by barbarians, an unstable government, and pure laziness and negligence.