Ancient Egyptians And The Egyptian Hieroglyphs

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The Egyptian hieroglyphs were a prescribed writing system by the ancient Egyptians to represent their language, it was a combined system with logographic and alphabetic elements. Logographic systems were the earliest form of writing system, which were used in Africa, China and Central America (History-world, 2015). Egyptians used hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. The early hieroglyphs dates back to 3,300 BCE and was still used up until the end of the fourth century CE. This was when the non-Christian temples were closed and their monumental was no longer needed. Many other important Greeks believed that the Egyptian hieroglyphs were sacred, so they referred to them as ‘holy writing’. The word hieroglyphs comes from the Greek (hiero meaning holy and glypho means writing). The Ancient Egyptians believed that their writing was an invention of the gods, that is why the hieroglyphs were called ‘medu netjer’; ‘the gods’ words’. The hieroglyphics script were composed of three types of signs: logograms, representing words; phonograms, which represent sounds and the determinatives, placed at the end of a word to clarify its meaning (Scoville, P. 2015). This essay will outline the historical aspects of ancient Egypt, the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics and how the writing system was developed. It will also talk about the decipherment of the hieroglyphs, the discovery of the Rosetta stone and how Jean Francais Champollion was the first modern person
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