Ancient Greece : Western Civilization

1260 Words Dec 14th, 2015 6 Pages
About 3000 BC, on the island of present day Crete a people now called Minoans existed. The name comes from their King Minos. Minos and other Minoan kings grew rich from trade, and built fine palaces. Around 480 BC the "golden age" of Greece began. This is what historians call "Classical" Greece. (2) Ancient Greece is called “the birthplace of Western Civilization,” many western ideas on philosophy, government and art are from Greek civilization. The Greeks were fearless warriors, their culture and society were civilized, and they perfected trade. The ancient Greeks lived in many lands around the Mediterranean Sea, from Turkey to the south of France. They had close contacts with other civilizations such as the Egyptians, Syrians, and Persians. The Greeks lived in separate city-states, but shared the same language and religious beliefs. (1) Over-time, constant conflict and competition between city-states broke down a sense of community in Greece. The neighboring states were increasing in power and were more unified than the city-states of Greece. Over time, Rome was increasing in size, power, and trade. By 146 BCE Romans had conquered the Greek city-states. (3) However, the legacy of ancient Greece, and all their ideas, would not be conquered. Why do we live in the world we live in? Where do our roots come from? Many would say that the Greek life has influenced every culture in some way. There are many ways to classify Greeks, but one thing other than a tourist attraction, is…
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