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Animal Food Threats

Decent Essays
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE THREATS in the United States, 2013 (pp. 11-14, 24-40, 61-62, 71-72, Rep.). (n.d.). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved October 16, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/threat-report-2013/pdf/ar-threats-2013-508.pdf.

Avant, S. (2012). Strategies that work: Alternatives to antibiotics in animal health. Agricultural Research, 60(5), 4-7. Retrieved from https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/ar/archive/2012/may/animal0512.pdf

The author claims that we need to use methods that improve the innate immunity of livestock rather than use antibiotics to reduce the risk of disease. She references other’s research that show that food supplements, probiotics, and
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Trends in meat consumption in the USA. Public Health Nutrition, 14(04), 575-583. doi:10.1017/s1368980010002077

Kuehn, B. M. (2007). Antibiotic-Resistant “Superbugs” May Be Transmitted From Animals to Humans. Jama, 298(18), 2125. doi:10.1001/jama.298.18.2125

She studied the relationship between antibiotic use in CAFOs and the emerging predominance of “superbugs” transmitting to people. Individuals working on farms are at the highest risk for transmission of infection. Research conducted by Dr. Johnson suggests that E coli bacteria in poultry are developing resistance and subsequently colonize humans, rather than E coli in humans independently developing resistance, which many supporters of subtherapeutic doses of antibiotics in livestock perpetuate. Research by Dr. Trobos found that when people drank whole milk with rifampin-resistant Escherichia coli of human origin and drank whole milk with sulphonamide-resistant E coli of pig origin three hours later, they found in their stool that 1 strain of E coli of human origin had incorporated the gene for sulphonamide resistance. “While the data so far cannot prove that transmission of resistant bacteria from food animals to humans is occurring, Johnson said the increasing evidence is making it harder for skeptics to deny a link.” - (Kuehen 2007)

Kuehn is a writer and journalist who specializes in subjects regarding public health. She uses secondary research from government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and
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