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Animal Rights And The Ethical Treatment Of Animals

Decent Essays
From Erasistratus of Alexandria to Galen, who is known as the creator of experimental physiology, animals have been test subjects in experiments for more than two thousand years (Day 35). Every year in the world as many as twenty-two million animals are used for scientific or medical purposes (Day 10). A variety of animals are experimented on, including rats, mice, rabbits, dogs, cats, and primates (Day 10). Those against animal research believe the tests are pointless (Day 10). They presume if the experiments were effective, cancer and other diseases would be cured (Day 11). The ethicality of testing is also debated. Today, multiple animal rights activist groups exist (Day 11). One of the most immense groups, People for the…show more content…
Operations performed may include drugging, infecting, addicting, freezing and burning, radiating, shooting, and surgical mutilation of living, healthy animals (Carryer). From 1985 to 1987, Mary Phillips, a sociologist, studied twenty-seven researchers in twenty-three laboratories (Day 31). It was brought to Phillips’ attention that the scientists were not administering painkillers to the animals (Day 31). The researchers were describing the tests as painless even though they did not provide anesthesia (Day 31). The cages in which the animals are kept are occasionally insanitary, small, and crowded (Crupper). Some test animals do not experience the outdoors (Crupper). Their enclosures may be kept in rooms with bright lights, inadequate ventilation, and loud noises (Crupper). Every year, anywhere from 80,000 to 160,000 animals are put down or die from testing (“Transparency Needed” 13). A leading argument for the ban of animal research suggests the use of alternative procedures. In 1959, William Russell and Rex Burch published The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique (Chang 11). The book presented the three R’s: reduce the number of animals needed for experiments; refine current tests to reduce pain; and replace animals with other
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