Annotated Bibliography On Helminiak

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Annotated Bibliography
Helminiak, D. A. (1998). Sexuality and spirituality: A humanist account. Pastoral Psychology, 47(2), 119-126.
Helminiak provides an interesting discussion based on a reoccurring topic of interest, integration of sexuality and spirituality. Helminiak begins the paper establishing that the greatest undertaking was trying to define spirituality. He then proposed that sexuality would either foster or hinder one’s spiritual growth to the extent that if would affect the person’s sexual behaviors. Helminiak suggested that someone’s sexual behavior would essentially fall in accord with their chosen religious belief and ethical requirement as a means to enhance their relationship with God. The paper begins with the author providing
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Adamczyk (et. al) investigated the relationship by examining how macro- and micro-level religious effects shape individuals’ reports of premarital and extramarital sex. The authors viewed it using one of the major world religions—Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, or Judaism—and living in a nation with a Muslim culture shape the likelihood of sex outside of marriage. Using hierarchical modeling techniques and cross-national data from the Demographic and Health Surveys, they found that ever married Hindus and Muslims were less likely to report having had premarital sex than are ever married Jews and Christians, and an earlier age at marriage does not appear to explain the relationship. Married Muslims were also less likely than affiliates of all other religions, except Buddhists, to report extramarital sex. The percentage Muslim within a nation decreases the odds of reports of premarital sex and the relationship is not explained by restrictions on women’s…show more content…
It then investigates whether the effects of individual level religiosity on approval of premarital sex are contingent on the economic characteristics of a nation, reflected by a country’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. Multilevel analyses of data from the sixth wave of the World Values Survey (2010–2014) reveal that both individual religiosity and GDP per capita are important predictors of attitudes toward premarital sex. Furthermore, cross-level interactions suggest that individual religiosity has a greater negative effect on approval of premarital sex in countries that are more economically
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