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Anterior Cruciate Ligament ( Acl )

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) are all too in today’s athletic injuries, comprising up to a total of 3-5%. (1) Nearly 70% of these stem from non-contact mechanisms. (2,3) Moreover, these injuries can lead to loss of time on the field in around 88% of cases. (1) There is a substantial difference in gender as well, with female athletes being at higher risk to sustain an ACL injury. (4, 5, 6) Overall, ACL injuries can lead to early sport termination in athletes as well as serious disabilities in the non-athletic population. (7) To provide measurements for safe reintroductions of the athletes to their respected sports post ACL injury, Standard Functional Tests (SFT) have been developed. (8,9,10) Most of these tests combine complex movements…show more content…
(22,24,25) With the help of the TJA, clinicians can identify female athletes that are at risk for ACL injury due to their improper landing mechanics and thus be likely to benefit from neuromuscular training. (26) The Limb Symmetry Index (LSI) in commonly used to compare the performance on functional tests of the injured limb to that of the uninjured limb during the rehabilitation process. (11) This is because of an inherent difference in the performance on these tests between patients, as well as the promotion of better rates of return to play and lower rates of reinjure associated with the use of limb symmetry. (27,28,29) When determining return to play, literature supports a LSI threshold of 90%. (13) However, little is known regarding the performance of uninjured athletes participating in ACL injury prone sports vs. non-ACL injury prone sports. Participating in sports can facilitate preprogramed motor programs, which may predetermine functional asymmetries and could potentially skew results on Standard Functional Tests (find resources). The purpose of this study is to present any existing differences
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