Tiffany Hummel English 301 Professor Shen 5/11/17 Are Genetically Modified Crops Good for Society? Genetically Modified (GM) foods are found in almost every food sold in groceries stores all over the United States. They can be found in packaged to even fresh fruits and vegetables. According to the Institute for Responsible Technology GM, major commodity crops such as corn and soybeans have found to be 90% or more to have been raised by a GM seed (Smith 1). They are genetically modified for many different reasons whether it is for more nutrients, a larger size or removal of pesticides. The problematic issue is that some believe that GM foods are too expensive, they effect human health or it is toxic to the environment. Ultimately, GM crops …show more content…
Bt is a soil-dwelling bacterium, commonly used as a biological pesticide which is naturally found in the gut of caterpillars (GMO Food Safety 1). Today GM plants are now made with other plants instead. A newer method, referred to as "transgenomics", does not involve DNA marking or insertions. Basically it is cross-breeding plants of the same species. Scientists believe certain traits are created not only by a particular gene, but by the way groups of genes interact with each other (Om Organics). The most beneficial aspect of transgenic technology is now also being used to remove the allergens such as from peanuts, one of most serious causes of food allergy. So why are is there a huge argument against GM crops if they are helping society? In my opinion, GM crops do more help than harm because positive results are found in the economy, human health, and the environment due to new improving advancements in research. To start with my argument a common misconception is that producing GM crops can cost more than to buy them. Another benefit of GM crops is that it has caused global reduction in pesticide spraying by 581 million kg between 1996 and 2014 (Staropoli 1). As a result of reducing pesticide spraying, it decreases the amount of money being used to manufacture the pesticides and the loss of pest infestations on crops such as corn and cotton. Much of the economic boom throughout the GM
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“Sixty to seventy percent of all processed foods available on store shelves contain genetically modified ingredients”, according to George Erdosh and Marcia Amidon Lusted in “To GMO or not to GMO? Genetically engineered food has strong advocates and harsh critics.” Genetically modified organisms can be found in most conventional foods processed in the United States, and genetic modification of crops is extremely common on classic Minnesota farms. Crops such as corn and soybeans or even papaya and zucchini are viable for genetic modification. In fact, the definition of (GMO) as reported by Alex K. Rich and Tom Warhol, authors of “Genetically Modified Foods: An Overview,” is, “food in which, at some point during the production process molecules and proteins are chemically altered to give the food more nutrients, a better appearance, and a longer shelf life.” As a matter of fact, a majority of all the foods found at the grocery store are genetically altered. However, many people do not know what genetic modification really is, or that the idea has been around for many years. GMOs are used to control pests and weeds. Therefore, through changing the genetic makeup of the plant, modifications allow for advancements of new technologies that account for the applicability of specific chemicals, as opposed to dated Non-GMO farming techniques.
Genetic modified organisms, or GMOs, are living organisms that, through the genetic engineering process, have been altered to withstand certain chemicals and increase the nutritional value of the product. In fact, the majority of the foods found at the grocery store are genetically altered. Genetic modification is becoming increasingly popular on farms throughout the United States and moving into other parts of the world due to their increasing yield capabilities and pest and weed control. However, this has been, and continues to be, an extremely controversial topic of discussion in the world of agriculture and biotechnology, as well as health food critics, because of potential environmental and health risks.
GM foods are in the middle of many controversial issues; primarily these are addressed by conflicts over the relative pros and cons of GM foods. Major biotech companies like ‘Monsanto ' and ‘Cargill ' are promoting GM foods by focusing only on their beneficial aspects, giving least importance to their negative effects on safety, environment and biodiversity. On the other hand, governmental regulators and nongovernmental organizations, along with some scientists, are strictly opposing this type of blind promotion of GM food by enlightening the people on their negative effects The controversies associated with GM foods include issues such as safety, environmental benefits and risks, biodiversity, and ethical and social considerations.GM foods are implicated for adverse human health risks like people being allergic to it, environmental hazards such as development of super weeds, and pesticide and antibiotic resistance in disease causing organisms. On the other
Genetic engineering is already providing a more stable solution for agricultural production in the economy to stand on. In nine years (i.e. 1996-2005), profits from genetically modified crops were twenty-seven billion dollars. Those twenty-seven billion dollars were not just in the United States or countries like it, but the profits almost split half and half between first and third world countries (O'Neill 19). In India, for example, cotton yields have jumped to one hundred-fifty percent from the use of genetically modified crops, vastly increasing the farmers’ profits (19). The planting of these crops can really help farmers know what they are going to make every year and plan accordingly. Also, helping the farmers’ expenses is the lack of chemical pesticides needed on the crops and reducing time spent using the pricey traditional breeding methods (Mannion and Morse 749-751). Even if genetically modified crops are not planted in every field, adjoining fields can benefit due to the “halo effect.” The “halo effect” is the ability of pest protection on the genetically modified crops to affect the non-genetically modified crops due to the lack of insects in the genetically modified field (754). Genetically modified crops affect the economy in a positive way and should be seen as a smart
“Sixty to seventy percent of all processed foods available on store shelves contain genetically modified ingredients”, according to George Erdosh and Marcia Amidon Lusted in “To GMO or not to GMO? Genetically engineered food has strong advocates and harsh critics.” Genetically modified organisms can be found in most conventional food processed in the United States., and gGenetic modification of crops is extremely common on classic Minnesotan farm plants, such as, corn and soybeans. They can also be found in papaya and zucchini, even animals such as cows and pig. In fact, the definition of (GMO) as reported by Alex K. Rich and Tom Warhol, authors of “Genetically Modified Foods: An Overview,””, is, “food in which, at some point during the production process molecules and proteins are chemically altered to give the food more nutrients, a better appearance, and a longer shelf life.” As a matter of fact, a majority of all the foods found at the grocery store are genetically altered. However, many people do not know what a genetic modification really is, or that the idea has been around for many years. GMOs are used to control pests and weeds. As the opposite of Non-GMO farming, this is accomplished by changing the genetic makeup of the plant, by using new technologies and techniques that allow for the use of specific chemicals.
A new kind of foods called the genetically modified foods has been creating a quiet revolution in the American market for the past several years. Scientists are able to produce these new foods by transferring genes from one organism into another across species boundaries. This new technique has been developed to improve the shelf life, nutritional content, flavor, color, and texture of foods. Since 1994, about 45 genetically modified foods such as tomato, corn, soybeans, canola, and potatoes have been marketed in the United States. About two-thirds of foods that are processed in U.S. contain genetically modified ingredients. So, we the people are consuming these foods without realizing the fact that they are not produced naturally.
Recently, there has been a huge uprise in reports from all over the world of new diseases that have affected much of the population today. Diseases such as obesity, Alzheimer’s, Celiac Disease, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and so much more have been on the rise. Researchers have suspected the culprit of these diseases to be our food. Along with the diseases, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) has also been on the rise. The more poor food we eat, the greater the potential harm to our health. One of the poor foods we consume is GMO: the altering of genes in food to produce desirable effects. These effects can range from an improvement in nutritional value, texture, flavor, and a longer shelf life. These
Imagine knowing what is really in the food on our dinner plates every night. Probably organic, naturally grown foods, right? That might be the case in some foods, but now a days, most crops are grow genetically modified (GM). GM foods are foods that have been altered with a gene or protein from another living organism to give it a quality or characteristic that it never had before. Some examples of GM foods are apples that do not brown and potatoes that do not bruise. These are made when the organisms are genetically modified to reduce the levels of enzymes that cause browning and bruising. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are unsafe. While they can be beneficial, GMOs are unhealthy for human consumption, cause environmental impacts, and have
For the United States, the small farmers saw savings when planting the herbicide tolerant soybean and saw a total annual national farm income increase from $5 million to approximately $202.6 million in 2015. The GM seeds have proven themselves to be cost effective because the use of pesticides on the crops can add up costing the small farmers more while the GM seeds will save money because they do not need to be combined with the use of pesticides (Pocket 2016).
One benefit of GMOs is that scientists can alter the DNA of seeds to make crops grow much larger in size. Bigger crops would mean less food needed to feed families. Each day there are more advanced plants and seeds coming about through these modifications. Along with growing larger in size, these GMOs can also consist of crops that have natural pesticides. As a result, producers will save a great amount of time and money with getting the food to consumers. Also, chemicals will not be spread on food that consumers may have issues with. Now researchers have also modified crops to become drought resistant, which again will be beneficial to the more southern states that struggle with drought, extreme heat, and minimal rainfall. Drought resistant
People oppose the use of any genetically modified crops because they are harmful and unatural. According to Northwest Resistance Against Genetic Engineering, Genetic engineering can make foods that were once safe to eat a threat to people with allergies. Because this process is unpredictable, new substances can develop in engineered foods. The FDA knows this and does some testing, but there are no guarantees. Besides the new allergies, inserting genes into plants and animals can cause existing genes to react in unknown ways, including reduced nutritional values and changes in organism quality. Some people argue that they do not want their food treated, they want natural food! Another thing that they are saying is that by engineering plants
“70 percent of our corn farmland and 93 percent of soy farmland are planted with crops genetically engineered to resist pests and herbicides and increase crop yields. 60% of all the processed foods in the United States are genetically modified; a shocking statistic has the concern of many Americans. However, most people are uninformed about the beneficial impact that genetically modified food has on their diet. GM is the use of molecular biology technology to modify the inherited structure of organisms. Genetically engineered crops increase nutrients, drought tolerance, provide more food for growing populations, and resists diseases and pesticides. Genetically engineered foods are crucial to the improvement of economy, agriculture, society, and health choices. The creation of GM foods was one of the most significant breakthroughs in food industry. Genetically modifying foods is a key component that is harmless for the enrichment of our foods.
People who support GM foods dismiss complaints that they might not be safe to eat. GM foods are likely to be more nutritious and contain smaller amounts of pesticide residues that foods raised by traditional farming methods. Food poisoning agents such as salmonella are natural and they kill thousands of people each year. Lots of plants produce powerful toxins to deter pests. With the technology of GM Crops including beans and cassava (a fruit grown in tropical countries) produce cyanide that can be removed before cooking. This is extremely useful for consumers to eat and for producers to make.
Some people support non-genetically modified farming because of health risks. The opposers of genetically modified farming question the safety of genetically modified crops because some believe testing hasn't been done (Dresser and Siegel). This causes problems for people who eat it (Dresser and Siegel). Approving and testing genetically modified food has been done since most people eat it today (Erdosh and Amidon). Health risks like allergic reactions and inflammation can be caused by scientists insert new and different genes, like from peanuts or dairy, into genetically modified foods (Dresser and Siegel). Allergic reactions that could cause inflammation are uncommon because genetically modified foods include health benefits like
One of the strongest arguments supporting GM foods is that they can get the plants to produce higher yields. This is extremely beneficial as it means less seeds will have to be planted to produce the same amount so farmers will have more space to grow. GM foods will be imperative if our population continues growing at its current rate while maintaining the same diet, because the demand for global livestock feed will double by 2050 (Dearden & Mitchell, 2016). Roughly 40% of global crop calories are used as livestock feed and that number will only grow with the population. With traditional crops, this would be unattainable, simply because there would not be enough room to simultaneously support a population that size and grow all its food. Another argument that supports GM foods is that some GM crops have been modified to produce their own toxin while others have resistance to certain herbicides. The use of GM crops requires less amounts of pesticide being used which is both beneficial to the environment and our health. Their usage can help the environment because using less pesticides which contaminate soil, water, and other vegetation, will decrease the impact of the chemicals in the pesticide which the ecosystem faces. Regarding our health, a benefit which has been observed in some GM crops is the reduction of occupational exposure to pesticide related illnesses amongst farm workers (Huang et al., 2006). Furthermore, the ability to alter the nutritional content in foods is