As mentioned by Ruane and Cerulo in Second Thoughts, harsh realities of poverty affect children’s

1100 WordsApr 23, 20195 Pages
As mentioned by Ruane and Cerulo in Second Thoughts, harsh realities of poverty affect children’s lives in profound ways. Children lack any power in improving their circumstances and depend on adults to gain access to basic necessities. Access to proper healthcare, education, and basic nutrition continues to be an obstacle for children. Poverty impedes children’s aptitude to learn and contributes to poor overall health and mental health. Perhaps most important, poverty becomes a cyclical nature that is difficult to overcome. Children who experience poverty when they are young tend to experience persistent poverty over the course of their entire lives. According to the Child Welfare League of America, the national poverty rate for children…show more content…
All child poverty and federal benefits statistics from the Child Welfare League of America site were collected from 2008 (CWLA, 2010). Since these figures may not include the effects of the 2008 financial crisis, I wanted to find if the crisis might be more severe. Within a year of the economic downturn of 2008 roughly 1.1 million bankruptcy petitions were filed, a 32 percent over the corresponding year. Home foreclosures were up 81 percent and the unemployment rate rose to 7.2 percent. The unemployment rate reached its highest level since the early 1980s (Bureau of Labor Statistics). The Census Bureau found that poverty increased in 2011 for the most populous areas in the country. Yet despite a general uptick in those in need of welfare, some states have been less successful in distributing welfare than others. In terms of access to healthcare, 46 states set the income eligibility limit for Medicaid/State CHIP at or above 200% of the federal poverty level for children up to 5. For mothers and children who do qualify, there are oftentimes a waitlist for up to five years. The aforementioned WIC program, developed to improve the nutrition of low-income infants and children, may not be properly publicized to families in need. In 2012, approximately seven million infants and toddlers and about two million pregnant women received WIC vouchers. This only represented about one in six of eligible infants and one in ten eligible women (NCCP, 2013). States also have
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