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Atherosclerosis Research Paper

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Atherosclerosis is the hardening and narrowing of arteries, which quietly and gradually blocks arteries, putting blood flow at risk, according to WebMD. Plaque gathers up in the arteries and is composed of fatty substances, calcium, fibrin, cholesterol, and waste products from cells. It can completely or partly cut off the blood in the artery. One of two things can happen in the area where the plaque is building up in the artery: a piece of the plaque may break off or a blood clot may form on the plaque's surface, according to the American Heart Association. Atherosclerosis is a kind of arteriosclerosis, which is simply the thickening and hardening of arteries. It is typically the agent of strokes, peripheral vascular disease, and heart attacks,…show more content…
Its function is to maintain smooth and toned arteries so blood can easily flow through them. Atherosclerosis creates damage to the endothelium through various factors, such as smoking, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Smoking increases the growth of the condition in coronary arteries, aorta, and arteries in the legs. Cholesterol and other cellular substances can build up into plaque in the arteries and make them narrow and cut down the blood and oxygen supply. The plaque forms a bump in the wall of the artery and can continue to develop into a blockage in the artery as it grows with the progressing condition. Pain can develop and the blockages can rupture, which will make the blood clot in the area of the rupture. However, there are cases where plaque builds up but doesn’t cut off blood supply, showing no symptoms of the…show more content…
There is also heart disease, stroke, insufficient blood supply to the specific body parts, and even death, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Patients with this condition should make sure they see their doctors to see if they need to make any changes to their current lifestyle. They may have to take certain medicine to maintain atherosclerosis and prevent further problems. With treatment, simple lifestyle changes can have a huge impact, such as eating healthier, exercising regularly, and not smoking. This won’t get rid of the artery blockages but it will decrease the possibility of getting a heart attack or stroke. Taking medicine for high cholesterol and blood pressure can possibly impede atherosclerosis and also decrease the possibility of getting a heart attack or stroke. Angioplasty and stenting can often open up a blocked artery, according to WebMD. Stenting assists in decreasing the symptoms but it does not stop any heart attacks from happening later on. In bypass surgery, surgeons get a healthy blood vessel, from usually the chest or leg, and use it to go around a blocked section. The surgery does come with complications so it’s reserved for patients with crucial symptoms and disadvantages because of
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