Attachment Theory By John Bowlby

881 Words4 Pages
Attachment theory, developed by John Bowlby, Attachment is defined as the formation of a psychological and emotional relationship between an infant and its primary caregiver. It’s also a pattern of relational style that the child learns from the adults and caregivers whom play the largest role in the child’s life. That pattern is learned in early childhood and thought to repeat itself throughout an individual’s life, in both their social and romantic relationships. Secure attachment tends to be developed when a child comes to expect that their Primary Care Givers (PCG) will be there when needed. Secure attachment is seen in children who go to their primary care giver for comfort when scared, concerned, hungry, or sick. The primary care giver responds to request or solicitations of attention from the child and is quick to engage the child in dialog or play. This primary care giver also takes care of all of the basic needs of the child without delay or resentment. Avoidant attachment is when a child comes to expect their primary care giver will not be there for them when needed. Children whose parents tend to reject the child’s attempt for reassurance tend to develop insecure attachment. Primary care givers in this case are often cold to the child and tend to ignore the child’s distress or cries for attention. The primary care givers may provide the material needs to the child, but they are emotionally neglectful. Sometimes they are both physically and emotionally neglectful.
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