Australian Migration Policy Analysis

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Australia’s change of migration policies since 1945 to the current time

The change of Australia’s culture and multiculturalism from 1945 to the present time has been shaped by the revolution of official government migration policies. The changes in policies allowed many different migrants from all around the world to settle in Australia. The end of World War II showed a turning point in Australia’s views of migration as Australia thought that it was necessary they make an impact in the new world order. Since then discrimination such as the ‘White Australia Policy’ and the ‘Ten Pound Pom’ are no longer said because the making of modern Australia.

Immigration~ European
Australia set out on an aspiring 'populate or perish' plan.This plan
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Even after the controversial dictation test was abandoned in the late 1950’s, large amounts of racial discrimination amongst the Australian community was still prevalent. One of the first attempts of introducing a more differing society occurred in 1952. Japanese wives of Australian service men were allowed to resettle in Australia along with 800 non european refugees of war. In the following few years, Australia embarked on a journey to make the nation more welcoming and agreed upon migration schemes with the United States and several European countries. Peter Heydon, the newly appointed Secretary of the Department of Immigration, adopted a new approach in 1961 that sought to expel the obstacles for people from non-European backgrounds to immigrate to Australia. Once the restrictive policy towards non-European immigrants was relieved in 1966, Indian-born migrants made up nearly 19% of the population. In that same year, Hubert Opperman, Minister for Immigration, announced that ‘applications from prospective settlers will be considered on their suitability as settlers, their ability to integrate readily and whether they have qualifications useful to Australia’. Numbers of non european migrants began to gradually rise from around 750 arriving in 1966 to nearly 2,700 arriving in 1971. Since the end of the war, the changes in migration policies had transformed Australia into a country with a quickly developing population base. In 1971, 12% of Australia’s population were born outside of Australia and Britain, compared with only 3% in 1947. One in three people settled in Australia in 1971 was either a migrant or the child of a migrant. It was not until 1972, when Gough Whitlam became Prime Minister, that the ‘White Australia Policy’ was officially abolished. Migrants were now going to be selected according to social and personal
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