Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

2229 Words Oct 30th, 2014 9 Pages
Introduction
Autism is a group of neurodevelopment disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Autism is characterized by a variety of behavioural deficits such as impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. The ASD’s include Asperger’s syndrome, Rett’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOSGlobal prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders was 62/10 000 (Elsabbagh M, 2012). Research studies focused on families of children with developmental disabilities have often been designed to consider evidence those parents and siblings might be at increased risk for psychological problems as a result of the presence of a child with disabilities (Dodd, 2004). In particular, there are a variety of challenges that may be faced by other children in the family as a direct or indirect consequence of having a brother or sister with ASD, These include: Isolation or resentment, loneliness, Confusion, distress or embarrassment at the way in which ASD manifests itself in the affected sibling.
The past 14 years, disability researchers have begun to recognize the importance of studying non-affected siblings. This is a crucial development as it is known that having a brother or sister with a disability can significantly impact upon siblings. For siblings of…

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