Basic Methods Of Access Control

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Physical security entails restricting physical access to controlled buildings, installations, information, facilities, and personnel by unauthorized individuals. Access control may prevent potential intruders, delay or frustrate intruders, and monitor and detect intruders. These methods are classified under physical barriers, perimeter security, identification systems, and electronic/mechanical barriers. Different methods of access control can be designed to respond to different physical security needs. However, it is worth to note that no stand-alone method of access control is effective and thus to improve effectiveness and performance, two or more methods should be used in combination. This paper examines various methods of access control and their effectiveness in relation to the physical security.

Introduction Controlling access is an important component of physical security to protect assets and material resources. Making sure that only authorized vehicles, items, and people enter and exit defined areas minimizes the risk of harm or loss to all assets (Fennelly, 2012). Physical security entails security measures which are tailored to deny an unauthorized access to material resources, such as buildings, critical installations, personnel, and information from terrorism, espionage, and other criminal activities. Physical protection of material resources is intended to prevent potential intruders, detect intruders, and trigger apt incident

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