The origins of this article are about the « tearooms » activities, which are considered to be a deviant behavior, engaging the homosexuals in deviant activity It 's officially considered that there is no one known more suitable place for those activities than the restrooms. Those restrooms gain a permanent name of « tearooms », defines this way in the language of the homosexual subculture, are attractive for them as emplacements for sexual “one shot” encounters without any obligations and consequence to be known in their real life. I would add, that those activities put the participants in a kind of the double life, as one is the official and an other one, they try to deny the existence. Purpose and Need for Study Purely the ends of this study, has been chosen exclusively by the author. According to my thoughts, author chose the sexual activities in the tearooms, describing it as a form of social behavior to provide a valuable answer to the numerous arrests of homosexuals in the country. Actually, the biggest number of the homo arrests related to the tearooms. Author consequently would like to answer to his own question, through the sociological investigation. He also give other reason of importance of this study, by explaining that in US the decision on what topic or field will be study are decided by the social control forces, not by the criminologist. Regarding the selection of the methodology for his research, authors affirms that the ethnographic methods
The exquisite society to emerge will be governed by an elite comprised of gay poets. One of the major requirements for a position of power in the new society of homoeroticism will be indulgence in the Greek passion. Any man contaminated with heterosexual lust will be automatically barred from a position of influence. All males who insist on remaining
The authors used participant observation and interview to do this research. I think the method of field work that provided the most insightful information was the method of participant observation. By
I knew that I needed to pick something that would be controversial that my reader would be interested. The topic of homosexuality as a deviant behavior struck my attention. It is a topic of interest to me because I seen how things have changed over time. I found it to be interesting because there is a lot of different theories and studies against the homosexual community. Homosexuality connection can be the result of mental distress, genes and hormone, and lastly the environment where the person is developed. I chose to write about homosexuality and seek to answer the deviant behaviors in America. Homosexuality is a very serious matter that it is considered deviant amongst a huge population of Americans. A deviant act is not always considered to be criminal, but a criminal act can be considered deviant behavior. The fact is that the act of Homosexuality went from illegal to legal very quickly among the American community. I want to research the three major theories of homosexuality. The three major theories to homosexuality are the biological theory, the psychiatric theory, and the sociological theory. I will examine if there is a direct correlation between any of these three theories. I want to find out the impact of the bible in homosexuality. And Lastly I want to talk about how the society has grown from this deviant behavior. The Question that I will answer in my research paper is: Is homosexuality a deviant behavior?
The methodology used in both the research and the writing deviates from a typical ethnographic structure
A year after he completed his observation in the tearooms, Humphreys decided to visit the men whose personal information he documented (UCSB). Humphreys assumed a new identity and posed as a social health worker (UCSB). He asked the men about their personal lives and sexual lives (UCSB). He found that 54% of the men were married with kids and 14% identified as gay (UCSB). He also noted that the lack of birth control limited the sexual activity between the married couples (UCSB). The married couples then turned to tearooms to achieve their sexual release (UCSB). The conclusion, his infringement on others privacy for scientific research raised a few questions about ethics.
Ethnographic methodology provides rich and complex data (Brownlow, 2012). In the ethnographic approach a researcher joined the studied group in their natural environment, stayed as a part
As homosexual activity surfaces in the prison, the argot developed names for the different “types” of homosexuality. Inmates refer to men that prefer homosexuality and show feminine sides as Fags, while Punks are coerced into it or give in due to the lack of alternatives (see Deprivation of Heterosexual Relationships). Both are seen as failures to be “real men”, while the Wolves, who search for victims to release sexual frustrations, are regarded as very masculine.
Thirdly, queers challenge the categories as well as binaries of sexual and gender by questioning the categories and binaries’ reasonability. Queer theorists concern about how and why the categories of gender and sexuality are shaped, thinking the main reason is to better control people so as to achieve political goals. As de Lauretis (1991) stated, the existing strategies of homosexual, which is created based on the existing categories of gender and sexuality, is to ensure the “ center” integrated. Moreover, they reject and question the usefulness of categories. According to
The distinctive cultural groups contrast to conventional norm of subculture has demonstrated the increase of prison enrollment. Norms that is labelled as deviant that can range from pickpocketing, stealing, rapes and murders. These vast differences of degree of deviant behaviors causes juvenile jails or regular jails. From the mass enrollment with the general populations in prison of the same sex that can range from different severity. While in jail many unwilling sexual intercourse if performed. Rape, is the unwanted and force sexual intercourse from someone of the same or opposite sex. According to the Editorial Board, “Previous studies have found that juveniles housed in adult facilities were at greater risk of sexual assault than
Research methodologies are the essential part in doing research and it had been discussed in many past studies in order to give more understanding toward this issue. It can be divided into few parts which are quantitative research, qualitative research and mixed method research. However, among these research methods it cannot be stated which methods are the most comprehensive because each methods have their own value in research. This task trying to give full view of qualitative research and quantitative research method.
When a man and a woman engage in unprotected sexual intercourse, the end result tends to be life, as a child is born nine months later. Only once a man’s sperm reaches the eggs of a woman is this possible. Clearly, life and the existence of the human species as a whole is the product of sex between a man and a woman. The norm of reproduction then, is the aforementioned union between man and woman in heterosexual intercourse. Heterosexuality is viewed as the norm of most societies. This norm creates controversy regarding homosexuality, as it [homosexualism] is considered deviant and against societal norms. The topic of homosexuality is important and worth further investigation because it is surrounded by controversial issues
In the initial stages of his research, Humphreys noted that deviants, especially patrons of public restrooms were often threatened by outsiders such as the police and violent youth, meaning that they had to be kept anonymous. In order to fit in, Humphreys pretended to be gay. Therefore, he became a “watchqueen”, in order to observe the sexual behaviour patterns in the tearooms. The author further adds that he was able to establish some form of rapport with informants who helped him with the research. The first part of the research was observation of the sexual acts as the author posed as a watchqueen, while other partners mostly performed oral sex. Humphreys notes that this form of sex was common because it took relatively less time in a small space compared to other forms of sex. This also eliminated the likelihood of being “caught in the act.” Humphreys then noted 50 oral sex encounters in his observation sheet. The tearoom sex also included 53 sexual acts. He compared this record with that of 30 subjects that was observed by a cooperating respondent. The cooperating respondent was also a sexual participant thus the total time-and-place representative sample of participants was 134. Humphrey incorporated sample attrition due to change of address, the two men who engaged in anal sex and those who drove rental cars. Therefore, 100 men was the final sample size that was used in the research study.
Laud Humphreys, a sociologist, was dissatisfied with the idea of producing a study so mundane that only focuses on individuals who engage in deviant activity but nothing about how they participate in the deviant world. Humphreys found that the idea of deviant behaviour explored in terms of sociology explains it as organised behaviour that is important to the individuals that engage in the activity, yet not seen as a subculture. Therefore, Humphreys sets out to analyse the personal significance of the Tearoom Trade to the participant. And this is the foundation of
The “New Woman” refers to a category of women, beginning in the late 19th century, who adopted feminist ideals, wishing to break gender roles and gain independence from and equality with men (Newton, 560-61). While not one specific, real person, the “New Woman” is an overarching term that encompasses the many women in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The first generation of these women strove for economic and social autonomy with roles separate from the home and family spheres of domesticity (Newton, 561). For example, they would not marry, but instead receive a higher education and work in a profession (Newton, 561). To replace their commitments to men and family, they instead formed close and passionate relationships with other women, though these relationships were not sexual in nature, people viewed women as passionless and pure. The second generation, however, living in a more modernist culture of sexual freedom, began to discuss female sexuality, and wanted to participate in more opportunities only offered to men, including drinking and smoking (Newton, 564). Because of the societal idea that only men were sexual beings, New Women had to explain the intimate relationships among them, which had become sexual in the second generation. Thus, they created the idea of masculine lesbians, who had male souls that caused them their sexual feelings (Newton, 566). The “mythic mannish lesbian” refers to these women who dressed and acted in a masculine manner
A clarification of some falsehoods related to homosexuality is also mentioned. It is hoped that this essay will make people in society of Hong Kong better understand homosexuals and decrease discriminations, prejudices and misunderstandings towards them.