Bounded Rational Choice Theory

Decent Essays
Short Assignment #4
Renee Gainey

Question 1:
The rational choice theory states that people make decisions in a rational but also in a self- interested manner (Class Notes 4/4/2017). Bounded rationality is the theory that when individuals make decisions, their rationality is limited by the information they have as well as the time available to make the decision. The time constraints and lack of full information are what differentiates bounded rationality and the rational choice theory. However, the garbage can model is said to represent most real life organizational decisions as they are random and unsystematic (Class Notes 4/4/2017). This model of organizational decision making is a collection of problems and solutions. The problems look
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362-363). When it comes to discretion, there are both negatives and positives. Some problems that arise within the police force regarding discretion is that there are no clear guidelines for an officer when it comes to using discretion allowing their personal beliefs to a basis of the decision. There is also the issue of the race or ethnicity of an officer or offender that may play a role in the decision to use discretion. Some critics have said that discretion used in police forces has resulted in illegitimate and even corrupt practices. However, there are some times where the use of discretion in policing can be beneficial. The use of discretion can promote the realistic goals of the police force as they are faced with many unique situations that are not always defined clearly by-laws. Discretion can involve following guidelines that are triggered after additional information is obtained, deciding the course of action based on others' decisions (such as not arresting someone on a minor case as it will fail to be prosecuted), and even past experiences when dealing with similar situations. Although discretion cannot be eliminated entirely, there are ways to improve the use of discretion by identifying and building on inherent constraints…show more content…
395). In our book, Perrow describes it as reflecting a fundamental concern with effectiveness because it deals with the basic questions of an outcome. Revelatory analysis directly addresses the issue of effectiveness by investigating how well a goal is being met. This is done by looking at who is getting what from the organization (Kalinich, Klofas, & Stojkovic 2015: pp. 396). The variable analysis is the assessment of organizational effectiveness that refers to research designs that attempt to measure the attainment of some goal (Kalinich, Klofas, & Stojkovic 2015: pp. 395). This is measured by examining the relationship between the independent and outcome variables. The variable analysis method is also helpful when examining effectiveness as it provides information on the efficiency can be
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