Essay about Brown vs. Board of Education

2486 WordsApr 26, 200510 Pages
"'The Supreme Court decision [on Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas] is the greatest victory for the Negro people since the Emancipation Proclamation,' Harlem's Amsterdam News exclaimed. ‘It will alleviate troubles in many other fields.' The Chicago Defender added, ‘this means the beginning of the end of the dual society in American life and the system…of segregation which supports it.'" Oliver Brown, father of Linda Brown decided that his third grade daughter should not have to walk one mile through a railroad switchyard just to get to the bus stop before she could even get to the separate Negro school for her area. He attempted to enroll her in the white public school only three blocks from their home, but her…show more content…
adopted the "separate but equal" policy to segregate African Americans away from Whites and in most cases, make the best facilities inaccessible to [them]." The "separate but equal" idea was not overturned until 1954 with the Brown vs. Board of Education decision. With the late 1940s and early 1950s, came three powerful voices fighting for change race relations in America. Approximately 900,000 young black men had recently fought a war for freedom and democracy, refused to return to the Jim Crow south, and became very vocal about wanting equal rights. Additionally, increasing support from liberals like Harry Truman and Gunner Myrdal as well as the activism of Thurgood Marshall led the legal side of the campaign for equal rights. One young black American corporal said "I spent four years in the Army to free a bunch of Dutchmen and Frenchmen, and I'm hanged if I'm going to let the Alabama version of the Germans kick me around when I get home. No sirreee-bob! I went into the Army a nigger; I'm comin' out a man." The Membership in the NAACP, jumped from 50,000 in 1940 to 450,000 in 1946 with over 14,000 branches by 1948. Eleven states and twenty-eight cities enacted laws that established Fair Employment Practices Commissions and eighteen states approved laws calling for the end of racial discrimination in public places. While legislation all over the north was ending racial discrimination in most ways, the south was much slower to act.

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