CRJ 110 Final Exam

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1. What are the four definitional perspectives in contemporary criminology?
A) The four definitional perspectives are legalistic, political, sociological, and psychological.
2. What is the definition of crime that the authors of your textbook have chosen to use?
A) Crime is human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction that has the power to make such laws.
3. What is the difference between crime and deviance?
A) Crime violates a law and deviance violates social norms.
4. What is the legalistic approach to the study of crime?
A) The legalistic approach to crime yields the moral high ground to powerful individuals who are able to influence the making of laws and the imposition …show more content…

10. What are the major crimes on which data is gathered today?
The major crimes that data is gathered on today are personal/violent crimes such as murder, rape, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault, and property crimes such as burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson.
11. What is the “dark figure of crime?”
A) The dark figure of crime is crimes that go unreported. They never make it into official crime statistics. Crime’s dark figure is sometimes glimpsed through offender self-reports, also known as offender self-report surveys, in which anonymous respondents without fear of disclosure or arrest are asked to report confidentially any violations of the criminal law that they have committed.
12. What is the role of criminological research in theory building?
A) The goal of research in criminology is the construction of theories or models that allow for a better understanding of criminal behavior and the permit the development of strategies intended to address the problem of crime.
13. How can theories help us understand criminal behavior and design strategies intended to control such behavior?
A) Theories help us to understand criminal behavior according to Kenneth R. Hoover by providing patterns for the

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