Causes Of Delinquency In The 1950's

Decent Essays

The 1950s saw a greater emergence of psychological and psychiatric approaches to the problems of youth. Highlighting the growing significance of psychology and psychiatry in juvenile courts was the growing prominence of the teachings of John Dewey, Karen Horney, Carl Rogers, and Eric Fromm. Criminal justice was, it was clear at the time, showing greater acceptance of professionals in psychology and psychiatry. While there were no national programs that were based on the teachings Dewey, Horney, Rogers or Fromm, several outstanding local programs were created to deal with the psychological causes of delinquency. Prominent among these were the guided group interaction therapy approach instituted at Highfields in New Jersey in the 1950s. Guided group interaction was a therapy approach applied to delinquent teens at various juvenile facilities across the country. In addition, the youth assistance program, developed in Oakland County, Michigan in the …show more content…

Three years later, the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was brought into existence and it had a Children’s Bureau. Very soon after 1953, a division of Juvenile Delinquency was established within the Children’s Bureau (Children’s Bureau Timeline, 2012). With delinquency rates on the rise in the early 1950s, the Children’s Bureau formed the Special Juvenile Delinquency Project to focus public attention on the need for prevention and treatment efforts. The Project promoted various activities leading up to the National Conference on Juvenile Delinquency, held in Washington, DC, in June, 1954. The Special Juvenile Delinquency Project ended in 1955, but the Children’s Bureau’s work in the area of delinquency prevention and treatment continued when a new Division of Juvenile Delinquency Service was

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