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Causes Of Medication Errors

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Investigating and implementing innovative solutions for the growing problems of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and medication errors, is at the focal point of healthcare research today. Researchers state, that the fourth leading cause of deaths in America are due to medication errors. According to CERT, “The Institute of Medicine reported in January of 2000 that from 44,000 to 98,000 deaths occur annually from medical error. Of this total, an estimated 7,000 deaths occur due to ADRs,” (2016). Understanding the primary cause of prescription errors is the first step towards resolving them. Medication errors develop when the rate at which drugs are prescribed is too high, the rate of errors increases drastically when more than four drugs are…show more content…
Automated dispensing systems are reportedly more effective and generate prescriptions about 10x faster than the average pharmacist. In addition, mechanical dispensing systems improves patient safety and provides a more conducive work environment. Automated dispensing is a computerized method for administering and dispensing prescription drugs. These machines can perform several essential pharmacy jobs, their functions include counting pills, updating patient information, compounding and reconstituting drugs, etc. Automated systems were introduced to hospital pharmacies in the 1990s to reduce the number of medication errors and adverse drug events. Since the dawn of automated dispensing cabinets their usage has grown exponentially. According to a 2015 survey conducted by magazine company, State of Automation, 70% of pharmaceutical facilities primarily utilize mechanical prescription dispensing, (Halvorsen, 2015). Clinical pharmacists distribute thousands of medications daily to both inpatients and outpatients. It can be extremely difficult to manage and/or predict every conceivable medication error imaginable. Pharmacy professors at the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia and the University of London collaborated to measure the rate and types of medication errors that occurred at the UK hospital pharmacy. The professors conducted a two-week study using the UK hospital pharmacy as their
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