Causes Of The Treaty Of Versaille

1048 Words5 Pages
On July 28 1919, the Treaty of Versaille was signed (Treaty of Versaille). Before the signing the Kaiser fled the country in November 1918 (Llewellyn, J. “Weimar Republic Timeline”) and the SDP (Social Democratic Party) leader Philipp Scheidemann made Germany into the Weimar Republic (“Llewellyn, J. Weimar Republic Timeline”). Germany at the time had thought that the Treaty would be based on the Woodrow Wilson’s original 14 points that were made in january 8 1918(“fourteen points”). Later on these points would be re evaluated at the Paris Peace Conference and altered(“Todd, Allan”). Germany felt cheated as they already had requested peace negotiations with Woodrow Wilson on October 3 to 4 1918 (“fourteen points”). The Treaty of Versaille had…show more content…
The Treaty got rid of 13% of their land 10% of their population with most of their land being economically beneficial (Todd, Allan). The reason why some historians believe that the Treaty of Versaille was the root cause of economic failure is because of the war guilt clause, Article 231. “ARTICLE 231 The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.”(Treaty of Peace). With their land loss and population decrease Germany was only able to pay 2.5% of their annual GDP for reparations(HANTKE, MAX). They were expected to pay 230 million gold marks which they could only offer 30 million gold marks (20th-century international relations). With most of their population missing and with less land they can produce less than they could before the war while they have to make more than before because of the war guilt clause of Article 231. That's why the the treaty is significant to the economic collapse of Germany and why some historians would believe that this was the root cause
Get Access