Changes Throughout Land : Indians, Colonists, And The Ecology Of New England

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Cronon’s book Changes in land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England is an intricate ecological history of the environment of New England between the sixteenth and nineteenth century. It describes the environment in New England before the arrival of the Europeans and subsequently after their arrival. The book is easy to read and gives accurate information on the lives of the native Indian communities that lived in the land. It also explains how the Europeans found the land when they first arrived. In contrast to previous preconceptions, New England was not the unspoiled and pristine wilderness. The Native Americans had shaped the land long before the arrival of the Europeans. In his preface page, Cronon stated his thesis:” the shift from Indian to European dominance in New England entailed important changes – well known to historians- in the ways these peoples organized their lives, but it is also involved fundamental reorganizations- less well known to historians- in the region’s plant and animal communities.”(Cronon, Preface pg. VII). As stated in first page of part 2:” explorer like Verrazzano, Gosnold … made landfalls that were eventually written up in a paragraph or two…” (Cronon, pg. 19), the first accounts of Europeans about the land were limited to coastlines. Only in 1620s they discovered more land but still limited by areas within the few miles of the coast or along major rivers. Later on, the Europeans discovered what New England’s really like. Many
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