Chapter Guide for "Twilight of Atheism"

1931 Words8 Pages
Justin Segovia
Fr. Denniston
Faith and Critical Reasoning

Chapter 1
-The French Revolution was one of the first instances were the ideas of atheism were made public.
- The Revolution led many of the clergy to be expelled from the state or killed.
- After the Fall of Berlin Wall, atheism declined in popularity.
- Russian Revolution continued what French Revolution started. People began to speak of atheism outside of their own homes.
- The classical version of atheism is vastly different than the atheism that is known today.
- Some consider “modern atheism” as one of the greatest achievements of human intellect.
- Immortalization in Greek myths meant “infinite extension of existence, not the infinite projection of moral
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A.C. Swinburne was more avant-garde and aggressive in his approach to spreading atheism. He visualized god as a birch-wielding tyrant that oppresses humanity.
Swineburne believed that only the rejection of God would open the way to human self-fulfillment.
By the middle of the Nineteenth Century Jesus was seen as a moral sage, or as a role model.
George Tyrrell was appalled that Jesus was seen as less captivating, but conceded that the Christ was a “pale reflection” of his biblical self.

Chapter 6
Dostoyevsky was a Russian novelist that wrote on a fictional Russia that turned to atheism to solve its problems.
While he showed attractive of that choice, he also presented some of its more troubling features.
His criticisms were directed more toward the world God supposedly created, more than critiquing God himself.
Nietzsche emphasized that the belief in the Christian God became unbelievable.
Nietzsche admits that the realization that “God is dead” will travel slowly because it is just too “unthinkable”.
For nihilism, a religious worldview is oppressive because it insists that we will be held accountable for our actions.
In a nihilistic view, there are no sins, because nothing matters in the end.
Albert Camus argued that human life is rendered meaningless by death, which prevents the individual from making sense of existence.
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