Chemical Reaction Essay

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There are also some elements that are not a part of any type of family. These elements are mostly other metals that are located right after the transition metals. There are some nonmetals that are included in this group. Some of these nonmetals include silicon, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus. All elements in this group are some what reactive. Nitrogen is the most common element. Compounds using nitrogen consist of silver nitrate, potassium nitrate, and nitric oxide. Silver nitrate is used in many different chemistry labs.
Oxygen group is the next group found along the periodic table. This group is number 16 which contains the elements oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium and polonium. The electron configuration of this group is s2p4.
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The reason that they are the most reactive elements is because they have seven valence electrons, and they easily can gain one from multiple other elements to form a compound. Stability is met when an element has eight electrons in their valence shell, so they easily can bond with other elements. Fluorine, the element with the highest electronegativity on the periodic table, is the most reactive element on the periodic table. The most reactiveness goes from the lowest to the highest in the Halogen Family. Compounds found within the halogen group consist of hydrogen fluoride, sodium chloride, potassium iodide, hydrogen bromide, and and silver chloride.
Noble gases make up group 18 in the periodic table. These are the elements that make up the noble gases: Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, and Radon. Noble gases reactivity is very low because they have no valence electron to give or share with other elements. Noble gases can be described as odorless, colorless gases. Noble gases are stable because they have eight electrons and fill up their outer shell. “The intricate chemical details behind the reaction would take years to clarify and the formula of the colorful solid was later modified as [XeF]+[PtF5]- ”(www.acs.org). This compound was the very first compound form by using a noble gas. It was said before this discovery that the noble gases could and would never form a chemical compound. The significance of the experiment remained clear Today
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