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Chemistry Of Zinc Acetate Dihydrate

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The chemicals used in the experiment were analytical reagent grade and were used without further purification. Zinc acetate monohydrate [Zn(CH3COO)2 .H2O] Merck > 98%, and sodium hydroxide (99.5%, NaOH) pellets were purchased from R &M chemicals (UK). Indium nitrate trihydrate, distilled water was ethanol used throughout the experiments, PEG 20000, Triton X-100. For device fabrication materials were procured from Solaronix. In a typical synthesis process, the reaction solution was prepared by mixing 6g of Zinc acetate dihydrate in 70:30 ratio of ethanol/water. The ZnO precursor containing In-dopant was prepared with 0.0, 1.0, 3.0 and 5.0 mole % of indium. A thick white gel was formed after the addition of NaOH into the reaction solution, the mixture was kept under magnetic stirring for 24h to provide perfect growth, the resulting white gel was dried and finally calcined at 200ºC for 5h. The as-prepared pristine ZnO:P and ZnO:In3+ samples were characterized via X-ray diffraction (XRD) using Cu-Kα radiation (λ= 1.54056 Å) in the 2θ range of 20°-80° [Bruker Advanced-D8 powder X-ray diffractometer]. The scanning speed and steps were 2°/ minute and 0.02° of 2θ respectively. The XRD data were analyzed by Rietveld refinement technique using FULLPROF program to confirm the phase formation as well as to obtain the lattice parameters, space group and crystal system [2]. The microstructures and crystal structures of the nanoparticles were obtained using Transmission Electron
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