Child Protection Agencies in Canada: The Causes of Abuse and the Measures Taken

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Child Protection Agencies in Canada Introduction There are far too many children in the care of child protection agencies in Canada. More damage is done to children in the care of those agencies than if they are left in the care of their parents, with all of their shortcomings. The objective of this study is to examine this idea and to cite the treatment and condition of children of drug and alcohol addicted parents and First Nations Children who are returned to neglect in order to maintain their culture. This work will answer as to how culturally sensitive one should be in relation to the care of children and answer as to whether the protection of children overrides all other concerns. I. Defining Child Abuse Child abuse is reported by the Canadian Department of Justice to refer to the "violence, mistreatment or neglect that a child or adolescent may experience while in the care of someone they either trust or depend on, such as a parent, sibling, other relative, caregiver or guardian." (Department of Justice, Canada, 2011) There are stated to be various forms of abuse including: (1) physical abuse; (2) sexual abuse and exploitation; (3) neglect; and (4) emotional abuse. (Department of Justice, Canada, 2011) II. Causes of Child Abuse The Canadian Department of Justice reports that there is not a "single, definitive cause of child abuse , and any child regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, cultural identity, socioeconomic status, spirituality, sexual

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