Childhood Obesity : An Epidemic With The United States Essay

804 WordsJun 27, 20164 Pages
Reducing Childhood Obesity • Introduction o Childhood obesity has become an epidemic with the United States o The Healthy People 2020 Topic • Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are considered obese (Healthy People 2020, 2016). o Definition of Childhood Obesity: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015), a child with a body mass index (BMI) at or above the 85th percentile and below the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex are considered overweight. If a child or teen has a BMI over the 95th percentile they are considered obese (CDC, 2015). • Childhood Obesity Rates o 10.4 percent of 2 to 5 year olds were considered obese in 2005-2008 (Healthy People 2020, 2016). o 17.4 percent of 6 to 11 year olds were considered obese in 2005- 2008 (Healthy People 2020, 2016). o 17.9 percent of 12 to 19 year olds were considered obese in 2005-2008 (Healthy People 2020, 2016). o From 2005 to 2008 16.1 percent of 2 to 19 year olds were considered obese. Now 17.2 percent are considered obese from 2013-2014 (Healthy People 2020, 2016). • Factors that lead to Childhood Obesity o Inadequate Dietary Patterns (CDC, 2015). o Decreased Physical Activity (CDC, 2015). o Medication Uses (CDC, 2015). o Parental lack of knowledge (CDC, 2015). o Increased Fast Food Promotions (CDC, 2015). o No safe place for children to play (CDC, 2015). o Limited access and resources to healthy food (CDC, 2015). o Lack of breast-feeding support (CDC,
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