Childhood Trauma Can Have A Significant Impact On The Behaviour

1460 WordsMar 27, 20176 Pages
Childhood trauma can have a significant impact on the behaviour of an individual. Previous research has shown how trauma causes behavioral problems and can also result in mental disorders in the person. Studies conducted by Gabriele et al. (2002) and Sara et al. (2013) show how incidences of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse are widespread in patients with bipolar disorder. Gabriele et al. (2002) conducted the research to find out the impact of adverse childhood events, mainly physical and sexual abuse on bipolar disorder. Their hypothesis was, “the occurrence of these traumatic events early in life would add to the vulnerability for the development and recurrence of affective episodes, presaging a more severe course of bipolar…show more content…
The study found out that the history of abuse was related to an early age of onset, Axis 1 and Axis 2 disorders, suicide attempts and lifetime history of substance abuse. There was a strong relationship between physical abuse and mania. Comorbidities were found. Those who experienced physical and sexual abuse had eating disorders, anxiety disorders and PTSD. Lastly, the researchers concluded that genetic predispositions and traumatic experiences can increase the vulnerability of developing bipolar illness. In conclusion, the results of the study supported the hypothesis. Another study by Sara et al. (2013) also explored how adverse events are related to bipolar illness. Along with physical and sexual abuse, the study emphasized on emotional abuse. The study had many aims. Firstly, the researchers wanted to find out if childhood trauma was associated with an earlier age of onset. Secondly, whether trauma resulted in reduced Global Assessment Functioning in the participants. Lastly, they were interested in finding out if specific and different types of trauma were related to different characteristics of the disorder. Adverse childhood events were measured by using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. This questionnaire was completed by 141 participants who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to DSM-IV. The participants were between 18 to 65 years old. Childhood
Open Document