China 's One Child Policy

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The One Child Policy
China has had the new population control for almost 36 years, composed by the one-child policy and prohibited excess reproduction. The birth control plan has received praise on reducing the population, but also received criticism over the late 20th century. In 1979, couples were forced to pledge not to give second birth or bear any more children (Feng, 2014). From 1979 to 2015, while the population growth rate has reduced substantially, this implementation has been tremendously restructured how Chinese families value family structure, child preferences, marriage, parenting, living arrangements, and eldercare. This one child policy has transformed into a problematic system for the Chinese family to maintain their traditional value, and also introduced new problems to the family.
Family Size and Structure
As an immediate outcome of the one child policy effective on 1979, the fertility rate has cut more than 50% of its total fertility rate in 1970, six births, to 2.3 births by 1980 (Coale & Chen, 1987). A survey data of 1,293 families in Hubei Province has shown 80 percent of their family size were three, and out of all the three-member families, they were all only-child families (Feng, 2014). This new family structure was very different from the baby boomers generation (the parent), and both sides of the parent have introduced their families into a “four-two-one” structure, which is four grandparents, two parents, and a child. Before the implementation of

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