China's Rise And The Us Japan's Respond

2139 WordsSep 27, 20149 Pages
China’s Rise and the US-Japan’s Respond China’s rising has become predominant issue after more than two decade since it opened it economy for the world capital. China has become center of economic growth in the region since it started to become economically integrated to globalized world. Concurrently with that development, China military capability grows to become more powerful. In 2013 SIPRI reported that China’s military spending had reached $188 million, which means steadily increase of 7.4 per cent from 2012, and doubled from expense in 2004 (Deutsche Presse­Agentur 2014). From 2008 until 2013 China stayed in second largest military expenditure before the USA and positioned Russia as the third (Feffer 2009: 8). Significant amount that…show more content…
The end of the Cold War that created peaceful space and flourishing Chinese economic growth influenced the speed of military modernization and shifted its focus on protection of maritime resources and defending of territorial issue in the south and southeast (Ross 2009: 55; Storey 2008: 115). Meanwhile in southern part of its territory several maritime dispute disputes began to attract China’s attention. During early decade of 1990s, China had just ratified United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS 1982) in 1992. The ratification is going to allow China to claim 200 nautical miles as its exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and could exploit oil and gas located in South China Sea basin. Beside that, the growing tension because of Taiwan’s independence in 1990 had significantly altered China focus to the South and modernization its military force. Geopolitical nature of the potential maritime conflict in the south had forced China to modernize its naval power (Storey 2008: 115). This could be considered as changing posture of China’s military capability from cumbersome continental power towards more modern and dynamic naval power in responding future political and military dispute in the southern part of its territory (Ross 2009: 56). China’s military modernization that aims to built capability to project its power
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